PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v5.0
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID GRMZM2G124524_P01
Common NameEREB85, LOC100217237
Organism
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; PACMAD clade; Panicoideae; Andropogonodae; Andropogoneae; Tripsacinae; Zea
Family AP2
Protein Properties Length: 395aa    MW: 43488 Da    PI: 4.5992
Description AP2 family protein
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
GRMZM2G124524_P01genomeMaizeSequenceView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
1AP249.31.2e-1563123155
                AP2   1 sgykGVrwdkkrgrWvAeIrd.pse...ng..krkrfslgkfgtaeeAakaaiaarkkleg 55 
                        s y+GV++++++gr++A+++d  +     +  k ++++lg ++++e Aa+a++ a++k++g
  GRMZM2G124524_P01  63 SVYRGVTRHRWTGRFEAHLWDkHCLaalHNkkKGRQVYLGAYDSEEAAARAYDLAALKYWG 123
                        78*******************9999888445555*************************98 PP

2AP256.56.8e-18166217155
                AP2   1 sgykGVrwdkkrgrWvAeIrd.psengkrkrfslgkfgtaeeAakaaiaarkkleg 55 
                        s+y+GV +++ +grW+A+I   +   g +k+ +lg+f+t eeAaka++ a+ +++g
  GRMZM2G124524_P01 166 SKYRGVARHHHNGRWEARIGRvF---G-NKYLYLGTFDTQEEAAKAYDLAAIEYRG 217
                        89****99**********99966...3.6*************************97 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
SuperFamilySSF541713.79E-1763132IPR016177DNA-binding domain
CDDcd000188.44E-1163132No hitNo description
PfamPF008476.2E-1363123IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SMARTSM003801.1E-2764137IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PROSITE profilePS5103220.664131IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.101.3E-1664132IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SuperFamilySSF541712.55E-18166227IPR016177DNA-binding domain
CDDcd000181.70E-25166227No hitNo description
PfamPF008472.2E-13166217IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SMARTSM003801.0E-26167231IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.102.2E-18167225IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PROSITE profilePS5103219.019167225IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0006110Biological Processregulation of glycolytic process
GO:0006355Biological Processregulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0009744Biological Processresponse to sucrose
GO:0019432Biological Processtriglyceride biosynthetic process
GO:1901959Biological Processpositive regulation of cutin biosynthetic process
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0003677Molecular FunctionDNA binding
GO:0003700Molecular Functiontranscription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding
Plant Ontology ? help Back to Top
PO Term PO Category PO Description
PO:0006339anatomyjuvenile vascular leaf
PO:0008018anatomytransition vascular leaf
PO:0009001anatomyfruit
PO:0009009anatomyplant embryo
PO:0009025anatomyvascular leaf
PO:0025142anatomyleaf tip
PO:0001052developmental stagevascular leaf expansion stage
PO:0001095developmental stageplant embryo true leaf formation stage
PO:0007001developmental stageearly whole plant fruit ripening stage
PO:0007022developmental stageseed imbibition stage
PO:0007031developmental stagemid whole plant fruit ripening stage
PO:0007063developmental stageLP.07 seven leaves visible stage
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 395 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
MERSQRQSPP PPSPSSSSSS VSADTVLVPP GKRRRAATAK AGAEPNKRIR KDPAAAAAGK  60
RSSVYRGVTR HRWTGRFEAH LWDKHCLAAL HNKKKGRQVY LGAYDSEEAA ARAYDLAALK  120
YWGPETLLNF PVEDYSSEMP EMEAVSREEY LASLRRRSSG FSRGVSKYRG VARHHHNGRW  180
EARIGRVFGN KYLYLGTFDT QEEAAKAYDL AAIEYRGVNA VTNFDISCYL DHPLFLAQLQ  240
QEPQVVPALN QEPQPDQSET GTTEQEPESS EAKTPDGSAE PDENAVPDDT AEPLTTVDDS  300
IEEGLWSPCM DYELDTMSRP NFGSSINLSE WFADADFDCN IGCLFDGCSA ADEGSKDGVG  360
LADFSLFEAG DVQLKDVLSD MEEGIQPPAM ISVCN
Expression -- UniGene ? help Back to Top
UniGene ID E-value Expressed in
Zm.89720.0embryo| endosperm| ovary| root
Expression -- Microarray ? help Back to Top
Source ID
Expression AtlasGRMZM2G124524
Expression -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniprotTISSUE SPECIFICITY: Mostly expressed in siliques, especially in seeds. Also detected in roots and flowers, and, to a lower extent, in leaves stems and seedlings. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15500472, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15753106}.
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtMay be involved in the regulation of gene expression by stress factors and by components of stress signal transduction pathways (By similarity). Transcriptional activator involved in the activation of a subset of sugar-responsive genes and the control of carbon flow from sucrose import to oil accumulation in developing seeds. Binds to the GCC-box pathogenesis-related promoter element. Promotes sugar uptake and seed oil accumulation by glycolysis. Required for embryo development, seed germination and, indirectly, for seedling establishment. Negative regulator of the ABA-mediated germination inhibition. {ECO:0000250, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12084821, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15500472, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15753106, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16553903, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16632590, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9733529}.
Cis-element ? help Back to Top
SourceLink
PlantRegMapGRMZM2G124524_P01
Regulation -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtINDUCTION: Transiantly in leaves by sucrose, but not by abscisic acid (ABA). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15753106}.
Regulation -- PlantRegMap ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator Target Gene
PlantRegMapRetrieve-
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankBT0381840.0BT038184.1 Zea mays full-length cDNA clone ZM_BFb0216H15 mRNA, complete cds.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqNP_001137064.10.0uncharacterized protein LOC100217237
SwissprotQ6X5Y64e-94WRI1_ARATH; Ethylene-responsive transcription factor WRI1
TrEMBLB4FM460.0B4FM46_MAIZE; AP2-EREBP transcription factor
STRINGGRMZM2G124524_P010.0(Zea mays)
Orthologous Group ? help Back to Top
LineageOrthologous Group IDTaxa NumberGene Number
MonocotsOGMP55263557
Representative plantOGRP11217209
Best hit in Arabidopsis thaliana ? help Back to Top
Hit ID E-value Description
AT3G54320.32e-77AP2 family protein
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Alexandrov NN, et al.
    Insights into corn genes derived from large-scale cDNA sequencing.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2009. 69(1-2): p. 179-94
    [PMID:18937034]
  2. Kim HU, et al.
    Ectopic overexpression of castor bean LEAFY COTYLEDON2 (LEC2) in Arabidopsis triggers the expression of genes that encode regulators of seed maturation and oil body proteins in vegetative tissues.
    FEBS Open Bio, 2013. 4: p. 25-32
    [PMID:24363987]
  3. Wu XL,Liu ZH,Hu ZH,Huang RZ
    BnWRI1 coordinates fatty acid biosynthesis and photosynthesis pathways during oil accumulation in rapeseed.
    J Integr Plant Biol, 2014. 56(6): p. 582-93
    [PMID:24393360]
  4. Shigematsu H, et al.
    Structural characterization of the mechanosensitive channel candidate MCA2 from Arabidopsis thaliana.
    PLoS ONE, 2014. 9(1): p. e87724
    [PMID:24475319]
  5. Kim HU, et al.
    Senescence-inducible LEC2 enhances triacylglycerol accumulation in leaves without negatively affecting plant growth.
    Plant Biotechnol. J., 2015. 13(9): p. 1346-59
    [PMID:25790072]
  6. Grimberg Å,Carlsson AS,Marttila S,Bhalerao R,Hofvander P
    Transcriptional transitions in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves upon induction of oil synthesis by WRINKLED1 homologs from diverse species and tissues.
    BMC Plant Biol., 2015. 15: p. 192
    [PMID:26253704]
  7. Kanai M,Mano S,Kondo M,Hayashi M,Nishimura M
    Extension of oil biosynthesis during the mid-phase of seed development enhances oil content in Arabidopsis seeds.
    Plant Biotechnol. J., 2016. 14(5): p. 1241-50
    [PMID:26503031]
  8. Li Q, et al.
    Wrinkled1 Accelerates Flowering and Regulates Lipid Homeostasis between Oil Accumulation and Membrane Lipid Anabolism in Brassica napus.
    Front Plant Sci, 2015. 6: p. 1015
    [PMID:26635841]
  9. Hofvander P, et al.
    Potato tuber expression of Arabidopsis WRINKLED1 increase triacylglycerol and membrane lipids while affecting central carbohydrate metabolism.
    Plant Biotechnol. J., 2016. 14(9): p. 1883-98
    [PMID:26914183]
  10. Shen SL, et al.
    CitAP2.10 activation of the terpene synthase CsTPS1 is associated with the synthesis of (+)-valencene in 'Newhall' orange.
    J. Exp. Bot., 2016. 67(14): p. 4105-15
    [PMID:27194737]
  11. Adhikari ND,Bates PD,Browse J
    WRINKLED1 Rescues Feedback Inhibition of Fatty Acid Synthesis in Hydroxylase-Expressing Seeds.
    Plant Physiol., 2016. 171(1): p. 179-91
    [PMID:27208047]
  12. Kim MJ,Jang IC,Chua NH
    The Mediator Complex MED15 Subunit Mediates Activation of Downstream Lipid-Related Genes by the WRINKLED1 Transcription Factor.
    Plant Physiol., 2016. 171(3): p. 1951-64
    [PMID:27246098]
  13. Bhattacharya S,Das N,Maiti MK
    Cumulative effect of heterologous AtWRI1 gene expression and endogenous BjAGPase gene silencing increases seed lipid content in Indian mustard Brassica juncea.
    Plant Physiol. Biochem., 2016. 107: p. 204-213
    [PMID:27314514]
  14. Ma W, et al.
    14-3-3 protein mediates plant seed oil biosynthesis through interaction with AtWRI1.
    Plant J., 2016. 88(2): p. 228-235
    [PMID:27322486]
  15. Li D, et al.
    MYB89 Transcription Factor Represses Seed Oil Accumulation.
    Plant Physiol., 2017. 173(2): p. 1211-1225
    [PMID:27932421]
  16. Ivarson E, et al.
    Effects of Overexpression of WRI1 and Hemoglobin Genes on the Seed Oil Content of Lepidium campestre.
    Front Plant Sci, 2016. 7: p. 2032
    [PMID:28119714]
  17. An D, et al.
    Expression of Camelina WRINKLED1 Isoforms Rescue the Seed Phenotype of the Arabidopsis wri1 Mutant and Increase the Triacylglycerol Content in Tobacco Leaves.
    Front Plant Sci, 2017. 8: p. 34
    [PMID:28174580]
  18. Zhai Z,Liu H,Shanklin J
    Phosphorylation of WRINKLED1 by KIN10 Results in Its Proteasomal Degradation, Providing a Link between Energy Homeostasis and Lipid Biosynthesis.
    Plant Cell, 2017. 29(4): p. 871-889
    [PMID:28314829]
  19. Jin J, et al.
    Transcriptome and functional analysis reveals hybrid vigor for oil biosynthesis in oil palm.
    Sci Rep, 2017. 7(1): p. 439
    [PMID:28348403]
  20. Kong Q, et al.
    The Arabidopsis WRINKLED1 transcription factor affects auxin homeostasis in roots.
    J. Exp. Bot., 2017. 68(16): p. 4627-4634
    [PMID:28981783]
  21. Kang NK, et al.
    Increased lipid production by heterologous expression of AtWRI1 transcription factor in Nannochloropsis salina.
    Biotechnol Biofuels, 2017. 10: p. 231
    [PMID:29046718]
  22. Pellaud S, et al.
    WRINKLED1 and ACYL-COA:DIACYLGLYCEROL ACYLTRANSFERASE1 regulate tocochromanol metabolism in Arabidopsis.
    New Phytol., 2018. 217(1): p. 245-260
    [PMID:29105089]
  23. Hanano A,Almousally I,Shaban M,Murphy DJ
    Arabidopsis plants exposed to dioxin result in a WRINKLED seed phenotype due to 20S proteasomal degradation of WRI1.
    J. Exp. Bot., 2018. 69(7): p. 1781-1794
    [PMID:29394403]