PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID GRMZM2G106591_P01
Common NameLOC103629778, Zm.159831
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; PACMAD clade; Panicoideae; Andropogonodae; Andropogoneae; Tripsacinae; Zea
Family ERF
Protein Properties Length: 230aa    MW: 23823.9 Da    PI: 10.4734
Description ERF family protein
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
GRMZM2G106591_P01genomeMaizeSequenceView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
                AP2  1 sgykGVrwdkkrgrWvAeIrdpsengkr..krfslgkfgtaeeAakaaiaarkkl 53
                       ++++GVr+++ +g+Wv+eIr+p        +r++lg+f+taeeAa+a+++a+  +
                       59*******9.**********8.....334*********************9765 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
CDDcd000181.16E-32868No hitNo description
SuperFamilySSF541711.57E-20967IPR016177DNA-binding domain
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.104.3E-33966IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PROSITE profilePS5103221.944966IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PfamPF008472.8E-12953IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SMARTSM003801.5E-38972IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003671.1E-101021IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003671.1E-103248IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0006355Biological Processregulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0003677Molecular FunctionDNA binding
GO:0003700Molecular Functiontranscription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding
Plant Ontology ? help Back to Top
PO Term PO Category PO Description
PO:0000037anatomyshoot apex
PO:0006310anatomytassel floret
PO:0006339anatomyjuvenile vascular leaf
PO:0006340anatomyadult vascular leaf
PO:0006341anatomyprimary shoot system
PO:0006354anatomyear floret
PO:0006505anatomycentral spike of ear inflorescence
PO:0008018anatomytransition vascular leaf
PO:0009009anatomyplant embryo
PO:0009025anatomyvascular leaf
PO:0009054anatomyinflorescence bract
PO:0020040anatomyleaf base
PO:0020104anatomyleaf sheath
PO:0020126anatomytassel inflorescence
PO:0020127anatomyprimary root
PO:0020136anatomyear inflorescence
PO:0020142anatomystem internode
PO:0020148anatomyshoot apical meristem
PO:0025142anatomyleaf tip
PO:0025287anatomyseedling coleoptile
PO:0001007developmental stagepollen development stage
PO:0001009developmental stageD pollen mother cell meiosis stage
PO:0001052developmental stagevascular leaf expansion stage
PO:0001053developmental stagevascular leaf post-expansion stage
PO:0001083developmental stageinflorescence development stage
PO:0001094developmental stageplant embryo coleoptilar stage
PO:0001095developmental stageplant embryo true leaf formation stage
PO:0001180developmental stageplant proembryo stage
PO:0007001developmental stageearly whole plant fruit ripening stage
PO:0007003developmental stageIL.03 full inflorescence length reached stage
PO:0007006developmental stageIL.00 inflorescence just visible stage
PO:0007015developmental stageradicle emergence stage
PO:0007016developmental stagewhole plant flowering stage
PO:0007022developmental stageseed imbibition stage
PO:0007026developmental stageFL.00 first flower(s) open stage
PO:0007031developmental stagemid whole plant fruit ripening stage
PO:0007032developmental stagewhole plant fruit formation stage up to 10%
PO:0007045developmental stagecoleoptile emergence stage
PO:0007063developmental stageLP.07 seven leaves visible stage
PO:0007065developmental stageLP.05 five leaves visible stage
PO:0007072developmental stageLP.18 eighteen leaves visible stage
PO:0007094developmental stageLP.01 one leaf visible stage
PO:0007101developmental stageLP.09 nine leaves visible stage
PO:0007104developmental stageLP.15 fifteen leaves visible stage
PO:0007106developmental stageLP.03 three leaves visible stage
PO:0007112developmental stage1 main shoot growth stage
PO:0007116developmental stageLP.11 eleven leaves visible stage
PO:0007123developmental stageLP.06 six leaves visible stage
PO:0007633developmental stageendosperm development stage
PO:0021004developmental stageinflorescence initiation stage
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 230 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
3D Structure ? help Back to Top
PDB ID Evalue Query Start Query End Hit Start Hit End Description
5wx9_A8e-169661472Ethylene-responsive transcription factor ERF096
Search in ModeBase
Expression -- Microarray ? help Back to Top
Source ID
Expression AtlasGRMZM2G106591
Expression -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniprotDEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Detected in sepals of very young closed buds. Later, expressed in sepals and petals veins and epidermis, as well as in developing gynoecium but not in stamens. At anthesis, confined to the gynoecium, commenced in the anther, and slightly expressed in the anther filament. When petals and sepals withered, strong expression at the bottom of the silique, in the abscission zone, and in the pedicel region below it. At silique maturity, detected in the same region but only at the nectaries. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15319479}.
UniprotTISSUE SPECIFICITY: Expressed in aerial organs, mostly in flowers, and in roots. Also observed at the branch points of pedicels of most young flowers, and in a patchy pattern in roots of mature plants and very young leaves in the rosette, including support cells of their trichomes. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15070782, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15319479}.
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtPromotes cuticle formation by inducing the expression of enzymes involved in wax biosynthesis (PubMed:15070782, PubMed:15319479). Confers drought resistance (PubMed:15319479). Acts as a transcriptional activator. Binds to the GCC-box pathogenesis-related promoter element. May be involved in the regulation of gene expression by stress factors and by components of stress signal transduction pathways (By similarity). {ECO:0000250, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15070782, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15319479}.
Cis-element ? help Back to Top
Regulation -- PlantRegMap ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator Target Gene
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankEU9462660.0EU946266.1 Zea mays clone 302607 mRNA sequence.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqXP_008649106.11e-167ethylene-responsive transcription factor WIN1
SwissprotQ9XI333e-73WIN1_ARATH; Ethylene-responsive transcription factor WIN1
TrEMBLA0A1D6LSA31e-166A0A1D6LSA3_MAIZE; Putative AP2/EREBP transcription factor superfamily protein
STRINGGRMZM2G106591_P011e-166(Zea mays)
Orthologous Group ? help Back to Top
LineageOrthologous Group IDTaxa NumberGene Number
Representative plantOGRP6161718
Best hit in Arabidopsis thaliana ? help Back to Top
Hit ID E-value Description
AT1G15360.13e-55ERF family protein
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Taketa S, et al.
    Barley grain with adhering hulls is controlled by an ERF family transcription factor gene regulating a lipid biosynthesis pathway.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2008. 105(10): p. 4062-7
  2. Al-Abdallat AM,Al-Debei HS,Ayad JY,Hasan S
    Over-expression of SlSHN1 gene improves drought tolerance by increasing cuticular wax accumulation in tomato.
    Int J Mol Sci, 2014. 15(11): p. 19499-515
  3. Djemal R,Khoudi H
    Isolation and molecular characterization of a novel WIN1/SHN1 ethylene-responsive transcription factor TdSHN1 from durum wheat (Triticum turgidum. L. subsp. durum).
    Protoplasma, 2015. 252(6): p. 1461-73
  4. Sadler C, et al.
    Wax and cutin mutants of Arabidopsis: Quantitative characterization of the cuticular transport barrier in relation to chemical composition.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2016. 1861(9 Pt B): p. 1336-1344
  5. Sajeevan RS, et al.
    Expression of Arabidopsis SHN1 in Indian Mulberry (Morus indica L.) Increases Leaf Surface Wax Content and Reduces Post-harvest Water Loss.
    Front Plant Sci, 2017. 8: p. 418