Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID GSVIVT01009293001
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; rosids incertae sedis; Vitales; Vitaceae; Vitis
Family AP2
Protein Properties Length: 244aa    MW: 26949.4 Da    PI: 9.0983
Description AP2 family protein
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
GSVIVT01009293001genomeGenoscopeView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
                AP2   3 ykGVrwdkkrgrWvAeIrdpsengkrkrfslgkfgtaeeAakaaiaarkkleg 55 
                        y+GV+++++ grW A+I  +     +k  +lg+f t eeAa+a++ a+ k++g
                        9***************988532...5************************997 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
PROSITE profilePS5103211.535143IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SMARTSM003801.8E-4449IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SuperFamilySSF541712.29E-9945IPR016177DNA-binding domain
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.101.0E-91144IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SuperFamilySSF541712.75E-1878138IPR016177DNA-binding domain
CDDcd000185.19E-2478139No hitNo description
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.104.4E-1979137IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SMARTSM003808.3E-3479143IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PROSITE profilePS5103219.28279137IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003676.7E-58091IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PfamPF008472.5E-1080129IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003676.7E-5119139IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0006355Biological Processregulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0003677Molecular FunctionDNA binding
GO:0003700Molecular Functiontranscription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 244 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
Expression -- UniGene ? help Back to Top
UniGene ID E-value Expressed in
Vvi.162231e-172bud| fruit| inflorescence
Expression -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniprotDEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: Expressed in floral primordia, in STM-negative region, then in sepal primordia. As sepal develops, progressively confined to a basal core before disappearing. Present in stamen primordia, then confined to a central region as they become stalked and develop locules. Later reduced to procambial cells as stamen mature. From petal primordia, expressed on the lateral edges of developing petals and finally confined to petal epidermis before disappearing. Present in carpel primordia, then in inner side of carpels especially in the placenta. Strong levels in ovules primordia and young ovules, then localized in integuments initiation zone before being confined to inner integument cells that will differentiate into the endothelium. Expressed in the distal half of the funiculus throughout ovule development and later extends into the chalaza. After fertilization, expression shift to the embryo. First on the apical part at the globular stage, then in cotyledons primordia, and later in cotyledons during the torpedo stage. As cotyledons grow out, expression becomes limited to a plane separating adaxial and abaxial parts. Excluded from the embryonic central region (ECR). In seedlings, found in leaf primordia then in central and lateral actively developing regions of extending leaves. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10656774, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742707, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9671577}.
UniprotTISSUE SPECIFICITY: Mostly expressed in developing flowers. Also present in mature flowers, siliques and seedlings, but not in mature roots, leaves and stems. Expressed in ovules and in vegetative and floral primordia. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:15988559, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742707}.
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtTranscription activator that recognizes and binds to the DNA consensus sequence 5'-CAC[AG]N[AT]TNCCNANG-3'. Required for the initiation and growth of ovules integumenta, and for the development of female gametophyte. Plays a critical role in the development of gynoecium marginal tissues (e.g. stigma, style and septa), and in the fusion of carpels and of medial ridges leading to ovule primordia. Also involved in organs initiation and development, including floral organs. Maintains the meristematic competence of cells and consequently sustains expression of cell cycle regulators during organogenesis, thus controlling the final size of each organ by controlling their cell number. Regulates INO autoinduction and expression pattern. As ANT promotes petal cell identity and mediates down-regulation of AG in flower whorl 2, it functions as a class A homeotic gene. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10528263, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10639184, ECO:0000269|PubMed:10948255, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11041883, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12183381, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12271029, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12655002, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742706, ECO:0000269|PubMed:8742707, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9001406, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9093862, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9118807}.
Regulation -- PlantRegMap ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator Target Gene
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankFQ3805171e-165FQ380517.1 Vitis vinifera clone SS0ACG53YG13.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqXP_002285467.21e-124PREDICTED: AP2-like ethylene-responsive transcription factor ANT
SwissprotQ389141e-105ANT_ARATH; AP2-like ethylene-responsive transcription factor ANT
TrEMBLF6H1731e-123F6H173_VITVI; Uncharacterized protein
STRINGVIT_18s0001g08610.t011e-123(Vitis vinifera)
Orthologous Group ? help Back to Top
LineageOrthologous Group IDTaxa NumberGene Number
Representative plantOGRP11217209
Best hit in Arabidopsis thaliana ? help Back to Top
Hit ID E-value Description
AT4G37750.11e-107AP2 family protein
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Heyndrickx KS,Vandepoele K
    Systematic identification of functional plant modules through the integration of complementary data sources.
    Plant Physiol., 2012. 159(3): p. 884-901
  2. Horstman A,Willemsen V,Boutilier K,Heidstra R
    AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE proteins: hubs in a plethora of networks.
    Trends Plant Sci., 2014. 19(3): p. 146-57
  3. Li C, et al.
    Ectopic expression of a maize hybrid down-regulated gene ZmARF25 decreases organ size by affecting cellular proliferation in Arabidopsis.
    PLoS ONE, 2014. 9(4): p. e94830
  4. Wynn AN,Seaman AA,Jones AL,Franks RG
    Novel functional roles for PERIANTHIA and SEUSS during floral organ identity specification, floral meristem termination, and gynoecial development.
    Front Plant Sci, 2014. 5: p. 130
  5. Randall RS, et al.
    AINTEGUMENTA and the D-type cyclin CYCD3;1 regulate root secondary growth and respond to cytokinins.
    Biol Open, 2015. 4(10): p. 1229-36
  6. Meng LS,Wang ZB,Yao SQ,Liu A
    The ARF2-ANT-COR15A gene cascade regulates ABA-signaling-mediated resistance of large seeds to drought in Arabidopsis.
    J. Cell. Sci., 2015. 128(21): p. 3922-32
  7. Yamaguchi N,Jeong CW,Nole-Wilson S,Krizek BA,Wagner D
    AINTEGUMENTA and AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE6/PLETHORA3 Induce LEAFY Expression in Response to Auxin to Promote the Onset of Flower Formation in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2016. 170(1): p. 283-93
  8. Krizek BA, et al.
    RNA-Seq Links the Transcription Factors AINTEGUMENTA and AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE6 to Cell Wall Remodeling and Plant Defense Pathways.
    Plant Physiol., 2016. 171(3): p. 2069-84
  9. Han H,Krizek BA
    AINTEGUMENTA-LIKE6 can functionally replace AINTEGUMENTA but alters Arabidopsis flower development when misexpressed at high levels.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2016. 92(4-5): p. 597-612
  10. Karpinska B,Alomrani SO,Foyer CH
    Inhibitor-induced oxidation of the nucleus and cytosol in Arabidopsis thaliana: implications for organelle to nucleus retrograde signalling.
    Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., B, Biol. Sci., 2018.
  11. Li B, et al.
    Network-Guided Discovery of Extensive Epistasis between Transcription Factors Involved in Aliphatic Glucosinolate Biosynthesis.
    Plant Cell, 2018. 30(1): p. 178-195