PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID Traes_4BL_37108D17C.1
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; Liliopsida; Petrosaviidae; commelinids; Poales; Poaceae; BOP clade; Pooideae; Triticodae; Triticeae; Triticinae; Triticum
Family bHLH
Protein Properties Length: 66aa    MW: 7731.09 Da    PI: 8.5099
Description bHLH family protein
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
Traes_4BL_37108D17C.1genomeIWGSCView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
                    HLH 13 RdriNsafeeLrellPkaskapskKlsKaeiLekAv..eYIksLq 55
                           R+riN+++  L++l+P++      K +Ka++L +A+  eY+k+Lq
                           99***************7.....5***********555******9 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
PROSITE profilePS5088810.017138IPR011598Myc-type, basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain
CDDcd000836.88E-9245No hitNo description
SMARTSM003530.0049246IPR011598Myc-type, basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain
Gene3DG3DSA:, basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain
SuperFamilySSF474593.01E-11249IPR011598Myc-type, basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain
PfamPF000101.2E-6241IPR011598Myc-type, basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0006355Biological Processregulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0010047Biological Processfruit dehiscence
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0003700Molecular Functiontranscription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding
GO:0046983Molecular Functionprotein dimerization activity
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 66 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtTranscription factor that plays a role in floral organogenesis. Promotes the growth of carpel margins and of pollen tract tissues derived from them. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:10225997, ECO:0000269|Ref.8}.
Regulation -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtINDUCTION: Down-regulated by the A class gene AP2 in the first whorl and by ARF3/ETT in gynoecium. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11245574}.
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankAK3747873e-33AK374787.1 Hordeum vulgare subsp. vulgare mRNA for predicted protein, partial cds, clone: NIASHv3076F24.
GenBankBT0353603e-33BT035360.1 Zea mays full-length cDNA clone ZM_BFb0057H06 mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankKJ7268603e-33KJ726860.1 Zea mays clone pUT3401 bHLH transcription factor (bHLH125) mRNA, partial cds.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqXP_003561052.28e-19transcription factor SPATULA
RefseqXP_010531246.18e-19PREDICTED: transcription factor SPATULA-like
RefseqXP_013583356.19e-19PREDICTED: transcription factor SPATULA isoform X1
RefseqXP_013583361.19e-19PREDICTED: transcription factor SPATULA isoform X2
RefseqXP_013628222.11e-18PREDICTED: transcription factor SPATULA-like isoform X1
RefseqXP_013628223.19e-19PREDICTED: transcription factor SPATULA-like isoform X2
RefseqXP_013686105.11e-18transcription factor SPATULA-like isoform X1
RefseqXP_013686106.19e-19transcription factor SPATULA-like isoform X2
RefseqXP_014752502.18e-19transcription factor SPATULA
RefseqXP_018449018.19e-19PREDICTED: transcription factor SPATULA-like
RefseqXP_018449689.19e-19PREDICTED: transcription factor SPATULA-like
RefseqXP_018468780.19e-19PREDICTED: transcription factor SPATULA
RefseqXP_018512478.19e-19PREDICTED: transcription factor SPATULA
RefseqXP_022550134.19e-19transcription factor SPATULA-like isoform X1
RefseqXP_022550135.19e-19transcription factor SPATULA-like isoform X2
RefseqXP_022574116.19e-19transcription factor SPATULA isoform X1
RefseqXP_022574130.19e-19transcription factor SPATULA isoform X2
RefseqXP_022574141.19e-19transcription factor SPATULA isoform X3
RefseqXP_022575350.11e-18transcription factor SPATULA-like isoform X1
RefseqXP_022575351.19e-19transcription factor SPATULA-like isoform X2
SwissprotQ9FUA41e-19SPT_ARATH; Transcription factor SPATULA
TrEMBLA0A2I0XCG03e-20A0A2I0XCG0_9ASPA; Transcription factor PIF3
TrEMBLM0TZD93e-20M0TZD9_MUSAM; Uncharacterized protein
STRINGTraes_4BL_37108D17C.12e-40(Triticum aestivum)
Orthologous Group ? help Back to Top
LineageOrthologous Group IDTaxa NumberGene Number
Best hit in Arabidopsis thaliana ? help Back to Top
Hit ID E-value Description
AT4G36930.17e-17bHLH family protein
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Skinner MK,Rawls A,Wilson-Rawls J,Roalson EH
    Basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor gene family phylogenetics and nomenclature.
    Differentiation, 2010. 80(1): p. 1-8
  2. Brenchley R, et al.
    Analysis of the bread wheat genome using whole-genome shotgun sequencing.
    Nature, 2012. 491(7426): p. 705-10
  3. Pabón-Mora N,Wong GK,Ambrose BA
    Evolution of fruit development genes in flowering plants.
    Front Plant Sci, 2014. 5: p. 300
  4. Moubayidin L,Ostergaard L
    Dynamic control of auxin distribution imposes a bilateral-to-radial symmetry switch during gynoecium development.
    Curr. Biol., 2014. 24(22): p. 2743-8
  5. Pfannebecker KC,Lange M,Rupp O,Becker A
    Seed Plant-Specific Gene Lineages Involved in Carpel Development.
    Mol. Biol. Evol., 2017. 34(4): p. 925-942
  6. Zumajo-Cardona C,Ambrose BA,Pabón-Mora N
    Evolution of the SPATULA/ALCATRAZ gene lineage and expression analyses in the basal eudicot, Bocconia frutescens L. (Papaveraceae).
    Evodevo, 2017. 8: p. 5
  7. Reyes-Olalde JI, et al.
    The bHLH transcription factor SPATULA enables cytokinin signaling, and both activate auxin biosynthesis and transport genes at the medial domain of the gynoecium.
    PLoS Genet., 2017. 13(4): p. e1006726
  8. Wu M, et al.
    SPATULA regulates floral transition and photomorphogenesis in a PHYTOCHROME B-dependent manner in Arabidopsis.
    Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 2018. 503(4): p. 2380-2385