PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID AT4G36920.2
Common NameAP2, AP22.49, AtAP2, C7A10.440, FL1, FLO2
Organism
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
Family AP2
Protein Properties Length: 432aa    MW: 47833.5 Da    PI: 7.2967
Description AP2 family protein
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
AT4G36920.2genomeTAIRView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
1AP253.75.2e-17130179155
          AP2   1 sgykGVrwdkkrgrWvAeIrdpsengkr.krfslgkfgtaeeAakaaiaarkkleg 55 
                  s+y+GV++++++grW+++I+d      + k+++lg f+ta  Aa+a+++a+ k++g
  AT4G36920.2 130 SQYRGVTFYRRTGRWESHIWD------CgKQVYLGGFDTAHAAARAYDRAAIKFRG 179
                  78*******************......55************************997 PP

2AP243.29.8e-14222272155
          AP2   1 sgykGVrwdkkrgrWvAeIrdpsengkrkrfslgkfgtaeeAakaaiaarkkleg 55 
                  s+y+GV+ +k  grW+A+   +     +k+++lg f+t+ eAa+a+++a+ k +g
  AT4G36920.2 222 SKYRGVTLHK-CGRWEARMGQF--L-GKKYVYLGLFDTEVEAARAYDKAAIKCNG 272
                  89********.7******5553..2.26**********99**********99776 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
SuperFamilySSF541717.85E-16130188IPR016177DNA-binding domain
PfamPF008474.8E-9130179IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SMARTSM003809.2E-32131193IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
CDDcd000181.38E-11131189No hitNo description
PROSITE profilePS5103217.596131187IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.105.8E-17131187IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SuperFamilySSF541712.35E-17222282IPR016177DNA-binding domain
CDDcd000188.58E-26222282No hitNo description
PfamPF008472.6E-9222272IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
SMARTSM003801.5E-32223286IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PROSITE profilePS5103215.672223280IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene3DG3DSA:3.30.730.101.7E-16223280IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003674.7E-6224235IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
PRINTSPR003674.7E-6262282IPR001471AP2/ERF domain
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0006355Biological Processregulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0010073Biological Processmeristem maintenance
GO:0010093Biological Processspecification of floral organ identity
GO:0019953Biological Processsexual reproduction
GO:0030154Biological Processcell differentiation
GO:0048316Biological Processseed development
GO:0048481Biological Processplant ovule development
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0003677Molecular FunctionDNA binding
GO:0003700Molecular Functiontranscription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding
Plant Ontology ? help Back to Top
PO Term PO Category PO Description
PO:0000013anatomycauline leaf
PO:0000037anatomyshoot apex
PO:0000230anatomyinflorescence meristem
PO:0000293anatomyguard cell
PO:0008019anatomyleaf lamina base
PO:0009005anatomyroot
PO:0009006anatomyshoot system
PO:0009009anatomyplant embryo
PO:0009010anatomyseed
PO:0009025anatomyvascular leaf
PO:0009029anatomystamen
PO:0009030anatomycarpel
PO:0009031anatomysepal
PO:0009032anatomypetal
PO:0009046anatomyflower
PO:0009047anatomystem
PO:0009052anatomyflower pedicel
PO:0020038anatomypetiole
PO:0020100anatomyhypocotyl
PO:0020137anatomyleaf apex
PO:0025022anatomycollective leaf structure
PO:0025281anatomypollen
PO:0001054developmental stagevascular leaf senescent stage
PO:0001078developmental stageplant embryo cotyledonary stage
PO:0001081developmental stagemature plant embryo stage
PO:0001185developmental stageplant embryo globular stage
PO:0004507developmental stageplant embryo bilateral stage
PO:0007095developmental stageLP.08 eight leaves visible stage
PO:0007103developmental stageLP.10 ten leaves visible stage
PO:0007115developmental stageLP.04 four leaves visible stage
PO:0007123developmental stageLP.06 six leaves visible stage
PO:0007611developmental stagepetal differentiation and expansion stage
PO:0007616developmental stageflowering stage
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 432 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
MWDLNDAPHQ TQREEESEEF CYSSPSKRVG SFSNSSSSAV VIEDGSDDDE LNRVRPNNPL  60
VTHQFFPEMD SNGGGVASGF PRAHWFGVKF CQSDLATGSS AGKATNVAAA VVEPAQPLKK  120
SRRGPRSRSS QYRGVTFYRR TGRWESHIWD CGKQVYLGGF DTAHAAARAY DRAAIKFRGV  180
EADINFNIDD YDDDLKQMTN LTKEEFVHVL RRQSTGFPRG SSKYRGVTLH KCGRWEARMG  240
QFLGKKYVYL GLFDTEVEAA RAYDKAAIKC NGKDAVTNFD PSIYDEELNA ESSGNPTTPQ  300
DHNLDLSLGN SANSKHKSQD MRLRMNQQQQ DSLHSNEVLG LGQTGMLNHT PNSNHQFPGS  360
SNIGSGGGFS LFPAAENHRF DGRASTNQVL TNAAASSGFS PHHHNQIFNS TSTPHQNWLQ  420
TNGFQPPLMR PS
Expression -- UniGene ? help Back to Top
UniGene ID E-value Expressed in
At.46380.0flower| inflorescence| seed| silique| vegetative tissue
Expression -- Microarray ? help Back to Top
Source ID E-value
Genevisible246217_at0.0
Expression AtlasAT4G36920-
AtGenExpressAT4G36920-
ATTED-IIAT4G36920-
Expression -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniprotDEVELOPMENTAL STAGE: It is detectable at low levels throughout the shoot apex and at enhanced levels in the inflorescence meristem, young floral buds and throughout the early stages of flower development and organogenesis. During floral organ differentiation it becomes spatially restricted to specific organ, tissue and cell types within the flower.
UniprotTISSUE SPECIFICITY: Sepals, petals, stamens, carpels, developing ovules, inflorescence stem, leaf and stem.
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
TAIREncodes a floral homeotic gene, a member of the AP2/EREBP (ethylene responsive element binding protein) class of transcription factors and is involved in the specification of floral organ identity, establishment of floral meristem identity, suppression of floral meristem indeterminancy, and development of the ovule and seed coat. AP2 also has a role in controlling seed mass. Dominant negative allele I28, revealed a function in meristem maintenance-mutant meristems are smaller than normal siblings. AP2 appears to act on the WUS-CLV pathway in an AG independent manner.
UniProtProbable transcriptional activator that promotes early floral meristem identity (PubMed:7919989). Is required subsequently for the transition of an inflorescence meristem into a floral meristem (PubMed:1675158). Plays a central role in the specification of floral identity, particularly for the normal development of sepals and petals in the wild-type flower, by spatially controlling the expression domains of multiple floral organ identity genes (PubMed:1675158, PubMed:23034631). Acts as A class cadastral protein by repressing the C class floral homeotic gene AGAMOUS in association with other repressors like LEUNIG and SEUSS (PubMed:1675158). Directly represses AGAMOUS by recruiting the transcriptional corepressor TOPLESS and the histone deacetylase HDA19 (PubMed:23034631). It is also required during seed development (PubMed:1675158). {ECO:0000269|PubMed:1675158, ECO:0000269|PubMed:23034631, ECO:0000269|PubMed:7919989}.
Function -- GeneRIF ? help Back to Top
  1. Control of seed mass and seed yield by the floral homeotic gene APETALA2.
    [PMID: 15708974]
  2. a role for AP2 in controlling seed mass.
    [PMID: 15708976]
  3. Genetic analysis shows that termination of the primary shoot meristem in l28 mutants requires an active CLV signaling pathway, indicating that AP2 functions in stem cell maintenance by modifying the WUS-CLV3 feedback loop.
    [PMID: 16387832]
  4. The expression of AP2 under the control of miR172 in N. benthiana is reported.
    [PMID: 16897492]
  5. Mutual regulation of APETALA2 and ethylene-responsive element binding protein in A. thaliana is described and discussed.
    [PMID: 17204538]
  6. miR172, a microRNA, serves as a negative regulator of AP2.
    [PMID: 17573799]
  7. The work demonstrates a novel role for BPMs as potential regulators that affect transcriptional activities of ERF/AP2 proteins.
    [PMID: 19843165]
  8. AP2 influences development of the zygotic embryo and endosperm to repress seed size.
    [PMID: 20033449]
  9. A model in which the decision whether stamens or petals develop is based on the balance between AP2 and AG activities, rather than the two being mutually exclusive.
    [PMID: 20876650]
  10. AP2 acts to prevent replum overgrowth in developing fruit by negatively regulating BP and RPL, two genes that normally act to promote replum formation.
    [PMID: 22031547]
  11. in the delicately balanced regulatory network, NSN1 acts to repress AG and plays an additive role with AP2 in floral organ specification.
    [PMID: 22357616]
  12. APETALA2 recognizes and acts through an AT-rich sequence element to promote sepal and petal identities and restrict expression of AGAMOUS in whorls 1 and 2.
    [PMID: 22513376]
  13. findings show that AP2 represses its target genes by physically recruiting the co-repressor TOPLESS and the histone deacetylase HDA19
    [PMID: 23034631]
  14. retrograde signal transmission model is proposed starting with metabolite export through the triose phosphate/phosphate translocator with subsequent MPK6 activation leading to initiation of AP2/ERF-TF gene expression
    [PMID: 24668746]
  15. ARF3 is a direct target of AP2 and partially mediates AP2's function in floral meristem determinacy.ARF3 integrates the functions of AGAMOUS and APETALA2 in floral meristem determinacy.
    [PMID: 25187180]
Cis-element ? help Back to Top
SourceLink
PlantRegMapAT4G36920.2
Regulation -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtINDUCTION: Negatively regulated by the C class floral homeotic protein AGAMOUS in stamens and carpels. MicroRNA 172 (miRNA172) negatively regulates APETALA2 at the translational level and may modulate its expression pattern. Seems not to be influenced by jasmonate and Alternaria brassicicola. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:12805630, ECO:0000269|PubMed:12893888, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14555699}.
Regulation -- PlantRegMap ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator Target Gene
PlantRegMapRetrieveRetrieve
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Upstream Regulators) ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT3G16770 (A), AT4G18960 (R), AT4G27330 (A), AT4G36920 (R)
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Target Genes) ? help Back to Top
Source Target Gene (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT1G69180(R), AT1G79840(A), AT2G37260(A), AT2G42830(R), AT3G16770(R), AT3G23240(R), AT3G54340(A), AT3G58780(R), AT4G18960(R), AT4G36920(R), AT5G03840(R), AT5G20240(A), AT5G49360(A)
Regulation -- MicroRNA ? help Back to Top
Source Description
miRTarBaseRegulated by ath-miR172d, ath-miR172c, ath-miR173, ath-miR172b
Phenotype -- Mutation ? help Back to Top
Source ID
T-DNA ExpressAT4G36920
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankATU125460.0U12546.1 Arabidopsis thaliana Columbia homeotic APETALA2 protein (APETALA2) mRNA, complete cds.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqNP_001190938.10.0Floral homeotic protein APETALA 2
RefseqNP_195410.10.0Floral homeotic protein APETALA 2
SwissprotP479270.0AP2_ARATH; Floral homeotic protein APETALA 2
TrEMBLT1QFV40.0T1QFV4_BRAJU; AP2 variant 1
STRINGAT4G36920.10.0(Arabidopsis thaliana)
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Byzova MV, et al.
    Arabidopsis STERILE APETALA, a multifunctional gene regulating inflorescence, flower, and ovule development.
    Genes Dev., 1999. 13(8): p. 1002-14
    [PMID:10215627]
  2. Aukerman MJ,Lee I,Weigel D,Amasino RM
    The Arabidopsis flowering-time gene LUMINIDEPENDENS is expressed primarily in regions of cell proliferation and encodes a nuclear protein that regulates LEAFY expression.
    Plant J., 1999. 18(2): p. 195-203
    [PMID:10363371]
  3. Western TL,Haughn GW
    BELL1 and AGAMOUS genes promote ovule identity in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Plant J., 1999. 18(3): p. 329-36
    [PMID:10377998]
  4. Maes T,Van Montagu M,Gerats T
    The inflorescence architecture of Petunia hybrida is modified by the Arabidopsis thaliana Ap2 gene.
    Dev. Genet., 1999. 25(3): p. 199-208
    [PMID:10528261]
  5. Bomblies K,Dagenais N,Weigel D
    Redundant enhancers mediate transcriptional repression of AGAMOUS by APETALA2.
    Dev. Biol., 1999. 216(1): p. 260-4
    [PMID:10588876]
  6. Ezhova TA
    [Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. as a model object for studying genetic control of morphogenesis].
    Genetika, 1999. 35(11): p. 1522-37
    [PMID:10624575]
  7. Krizek BA,Prost V,Macias A
    AINTEGUMENTA promotes petal identity and acts as a negative regulator of AGAMOUS.
    Plant Cell, 2000. 12(8): p. 1357-66
    [PMID:10948255]
  8. Ito T,Meyerowitz EM
    Overexpression of a gene encoding a cytochrome P450, CYP78A9, induces large and seedless fruit in arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2000. 12(9): p. 1541-50
    [PMID:11006330]
  9. Deyholos MK,Sieburth LE
    Separable whorl-specific expression and negative regulation by enhancer elements within the AGAMOUS second intron.
    Plant Cell, 2000. 12(10): p. 1799-810
    [PMID:11041877]
  10. Liu Z,Franks RG,Klink VP
    Regulation of gynoecium marginal tissue formation by LEUNIG and AINTEGUMENTA.
    Plant Cell, 2000. 12(10): p. 1879-92
    [PMID:11041883]
  11. Conner J,Liu Z
    LEUNIG, a putative transcriptional corepressor that regulates AGAMOUS expression during flower development.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2000. 97(23): p. 12902-7
    [PMID:11058164]
  12. Riechmann JL, et al.
    Arabidopsis transcription factors: genome-wide comparative analysis among eukaryotes.
    Science, 2000. 290(5499): p. 2105-10
    [PMID:11118137]
  13. Maes T, et al.
    Petunia Ap2-like genes and their role in flower and seed development.
    Plant Cell, 2001. 13(2): p. 229-44
    [PMID:11226182]
  14. Heisler MG,Atkinson A,Bylstra YH,Walsh R,Smyth DR
    SPATULA, a gene that controls development of carpel margin tissues in Arabidopsis, encodes a bHLH protein.
    Development, 2001. 128(7): p. 1089-98
    [PMID:11245574]
  15. Pautot V, et al.
    KNAT2: evidence for a link between knotted-like genes and carpel development.
    Plant Cell, 2001. 13(8): p. 1719-34
    [PMID:11487688]
  16. Western TL, et al.
    Isolation and characterization of mutants defective in seed coat mucilage secretory cell development in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2001. 127(3): p. 998-1011
    [PMID:11706181]
  17. Chen X,Liu J,Cheng Y,Jia D
    HEN1 functions pleiotropically in Arabidopsis development and acts in C function in the flower.
    Development, 2002. 129(5): p. 1085-94
    [PMID:11874905]
  18. Goff SA, et al.
    A draft sequence of the rice genome (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica).
    Science, 2002. 296(5565): p. 92-100
    [PMID:11935018]
  19. Leon-Kloosterziel KM,Keijzer CJ,Koornneef M
    A Seed Shape Mutant of Arabidopsis That Is Affected in Integument Development.
    Plant Cell, 1994. 6(3): p. 385-392
    [PMID:12244241]
  20. Shannon S,Meeks-Wagner DR
    Genetic Interactions That Regulate Inflorescence Development in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 1993. 5(6): p. 639-655
    [PMID:12271079]
  21. Huala E,Sussex IM
    LEAFY Interacts with Floral Homeotic Genes to Regulate Arabidopsis Floral Development.
    Plant Cell, 1992. 4(8): p. 901-913
    [PMID:12297664]
  22. Schultz EA,Haughn GW
    LEAFY, a Homeotic Gene That Regulates Inflorescence Development in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 1991. 3(8): p. 771-781
    [PMID:12324613]
  23. Shannon S,Meeks-Wagner DR
    A Mutation in the Arabidopsis TFL1 Gene Affects Inflorescence Meristem Development.
    Plant Cell, 1991. 3(9): p. 877-892
    [PMID:12324621]
  24. Kunst L,Klenz JE,Martinez-Zapater J,Haughn GW
    AP2 Gene Determines the Identity of Perianth Organs in Flowers of Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Plant Cell, 1989. 1(12): p. 1195-1208
    [PMID:12359889]
  25. Alvarez-Venegas R, et al.
    ATX-1, an Arabidopsis homolog of trithorax, activates flower homeotic genes.
    Curr. Biol., 2003. 13(8): p. 627-37
    [PMID:12699618]
  26. Hennig L,Taranto P,Walser M,Sch
    Arabidopsis MSI1 is required for epigenetic maintenance of reproductive development.
    Development, 2003. 130(12): p. 2555-65
    [PMID:12736201]
  27. Brown RL,Kazan K,McGrath KC,Maclean DJ,Manners JM
    A role for the GCC-box in jasmonate-mediated activation of the PDF1.2 gene of Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2003. 132(2): p. 1020-32
    [PMID:12805630]
  28. Durfee T, et al.
    The F-box-containing protein UFO and AGAMOUS participate in antagonistic pathways governing early petal development in Arabidopsis.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2003. 100(14): p. 8571-6
    [PMID:12826617]
  29. Chen X
    A microRNA as a translational repressor of APETALA2 in Arabidopsis flower development.
    Science, 2004. 303(5666): p. 2022-5
    [PMID:12893888]
  30. Bowman JL, et al.
    SUPERMAN, a regulator of floral homeotic genes in Arabidopsis.
    Development, 1992. 114(3): p. 599-615
    [PMID:1352237]
  31. Mizukami Y,Ma H
    Ectopic expression of the floral homeotic gene AGAMOUS in transgenic Arabidopsis plants alters floral organ identity.
    Cell, 1992. 71(1): p. 119-31
    [PMID:1356630]
  32. Aukerman MJ,Sakai H
    Regulation of flowering time and floral organ identity by a MicroRNA and its APETALA2-like target genes.
    Plant Cell, 2003. 15(11): p. 2730-41
    [PMID:14555699]
  33. Wakem MP,Kohalmi SE
    Mutation in the ap2-6 allele causes recognition of a cryptic splice site.
    J. Exp. Bot., 2003. 54(393): p. 2655-60
    [PMID:14563835]
  34. Yamada K, et al.
    Empirical analysis of transcriptional activity in the Arabidopsis genome.
    Science, 2003. 302(5646): p. 842-6
    [PMID:14593172]
  35. Western TL, et al.
    MUCILAGE-MODIFIED4 encodes a putative pectin biosynthetic enzyme developmentally regulated by APETALA2, TRANSPARENT TESTA GLABRA1, and GLABRA2 in the Arabidopsis seed coat.
    Plant Physiol., 2004. 134(1): p. 296-306
    [PMID:14701918]
  36. Ohno CK,Reddy GV,Heisler MG,Meyerowitz EM
    The Arabidopsis JAGGED gene encodes a zinc finger protein that promotes leaf tissue development.
    Development, 2004. 131(5): p. 1111-22
    [PMID:14973281]
  37. Shigyo M,Ito M
    Analysis of gymnosperm two-AP2-domain-containing genes.
    Dev. Genes Evol., 2004. 214(3): p. 105-14
    [PMID:14986134]
  38. Wellmer F,Riechmann JL,Alves-Ferreira M,Meyerowitz EM
    Genome-wide analysis of spatial gene expression in Arabidopsis flowers.
    Plant Cell, 2004. 16(5): p. 1314-26
    [PMID:15100403]
  39. Gutterson N,Reuber TL
    Regulation of disease resistance pathways by AP2/ERF transcription factors.
    Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 2004. 7(4): p. 465-71
    [PMID:15231271]
  40. Liu X,Ma L,Zhang JF,Lu YT
    Determination of single-cell gene expression in Arabidopsis by capillary electrophoresis with laser induced fluorescence detection.
    J. Chromatogr. B Analyt. Technol. Biomed. Life Sci., 2004. 808(2): p. 241-7
    [PMID:15261817]
  41. Aharoni A, et al.
    The SHINE clade of AP2 domain transcription factors activates wax biosynthesis, alters cuticle properties, and confers drought tolerance when overexpressed in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2004. 16(9): p. 2463-80
    [PMID:15319479]
  42. Espinosa-Soto C,Padilla-Longoria P,Alvarez-Buylla ER
    A gene regulatory network model for cell-fate determination during Arabidopsis thaliana flower development that is robust and recovers experimental gene expression profiles.
    Plant Cell, 2004. 16(11): p. 2923-39
    [PMID:15486106]
  43. Chub VV,Penin AA
    [Structure of flower in Arabidopsis thaliana: spatial pattern formation].
    Ontogenez, 2004 Jul-Aug. 35(4): p. 280-4
    [PMID:15487346]
  44. Lee JY, et al.
    Activation of CRABS CLAW in the Nectaries and Carpels of Arabidopsis.
    Plant Cell, 2005. 17(1): p. 25-36
    [PMID:15598802]
  45. Jofuku KD,Omidyar PK,Gee Z,Okamuro JK
    Control of seed mass and seed yield by the floral homeotic gene APETALA2.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2005. 102(8): p. 3117-22
    [PMID:15708974]
  46. Ohto MA,Fischer RL,Goldberg RB,Nakamura K,Harada JJ
    Control of seed mass by APETALA2.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2005. 102(8): p. 3123-8
    [PMID:15708976]
  47. Song CP, et al.
    Role of an Arabidopsis AP2/EREBP-type transcriptional repressor in abscisic acid and drought stress responses.
    Plant Cell, 2005. 17(8): p. 2384-96
    [PMID:15994908]
  48. Kim S,Soltis PS,Wall K,Soltis DE
    Phylogeny and domain evolution in the APETALA2-like gene family.
    Mol. Biol. Evol., 2006. 23(1): p. 107-20
    [PMID:16151182]
  49. Boerjan W,den Boer B,van Montagu M
    Molecular genetic approaches to plant development.
    Int. J. Dev. Biol., 1992. 36(1): p. 59-66
    [PMID:1627476]
  50. Feng JX, et al.
    An annotation update via cDNA sequence analysis and comprehensive profiling of developmental, hormonal or environmental responsiveness of the Arabidopsis AP2/EREBP transcription factor gene family.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2005. 59(6): p. 853-68
    [PMID:16307362]
  51. Würschum T,Gross-Hardt R,Laux T
    APETALA2 regulates the stem cell niche in the Arabidopsis shoot meristem.
    Plant Cell, 2006. 18(2): p. 295-307
    [PMID:16387832]
  52. Shigyo M,Hasebe M,Ito M
    Molecular evolution of the AP2 subfamily.
    Gene, 2006. 366(2): p. 256-65
    [PMID:16388920]
  53. Nakano T,Suzuki K,Fujimura T,Shinshi H
    Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
    Plant Physiol., 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32
    [PMID:16407444]
  54. Cernac A,Andre C,Hoffmann-Benning S,Benning C
    WRI1 is required for seed germination and seedling establishment.
    Plant Physiol., 2006. 141(2): p. 745-57
    [PMID:16632590]
  55. Drews GN,Bowman JL,Meyerowitz EM
    Negative regulation of the Arabidopsis homeotic gene AGAMOUS by the APETALA2 product.
    Cell, 1991. 65(6): p. 991-1002
    [PMID:1675158]
  56. Rashotte AM, et al.
    A subset of Arabidopsis AP2 transcription factors mediates cytokinin responses in concert with a two-component pathway.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2006. 103(29): p. 11081-5
    [PMID:16832061]
  57. Hurtado L,Farrona S,Reyes JC
    The putative SWI/SNF complex subunit BRAHMA activates flower homeotic genes in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2006. 62(1-2): p. 291-304
    [PMID:16845477]
  58. Bowman JL,Smyth DR,Meyerowitz EM
    Genetic interactions among floral homeotic genes of Arabidopsis.
    Development, 1991. 112(1): p. 1-20
    [PMID:1685111]
  59. Mlotshwa S,Yang Z,Kim Y,Chen X
    Floral patterning defects induced by Arabidopsis APETALA2 and microRNA172 expression in Nicotiana benthamiana.
    Plant Mol. Biol., 2006. 61(4-5): p. 781-93
    [PMID:16897492]
  60. Kim DH, et al.
    Molecular cloning of a pepper gene that is homologous to SELF-PRUNING.
    Mol. Cells, 2006. 22(1): p. 89-96
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