PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Transcription Factor Information
Basic Information | Signature Domain | Sequence | 
Basic Information? help Back to Top
TF ID AT1G14920.1
Common NameF10B6.34, GAI, RGA2
Organism
Taxonomic ID
Taxonomic Lineage
cellular organisms; Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Streptophytina; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Euphyllophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; Mesangiospermae; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Brassicaceae; Camelineae; Arabidopsis
Family GRAS
Protein Properties Length: 533aa    MW: 58926.6 Da    PI: 5.4097
Description GRAS family protein
Gene Model
Gene Model ID Type Source Coding Sequence
AT1G14920.1genomeTAIRView CDS
Signature Domain? help Back to Top
Signature Domain
No. Domain Score E-value Start End HMM Start HMM End
1GRAS442.33.3e-1351695291374
         GRAS   1 lvelLlecAeavssgdlelaqalLarlselaspdgdpmqRlaayfteALaarlarsvselykalppsetsekn.sseelaalklfsevsPilkfshlt 97 
                  lv++Ll+cAeav++++l+ a+al++++  la ++  +m+++a+yf+eALa+r++r        l+ps+++ ++  s++l+    f+e++P+lkf+h+t
  AT1G14920.1 169 LVHALLACAEAVQKENLTVAEALVKQIGFLAVSQIGAMRKVATYFAEALARRIYR--------LSPSQSPIDHsLSDTLQ--MHFYETCPYLKFAHFT 256
                  689****************************************************........66777764441334433..35************** PP

         GRAS  98 aNqaIleavegeervHiiDfdisqGlQWpaLlqaLasRpegppslRiTgvgspesgskeeleetgerLakfAeelgvpfefnvlvakrledleleeLr 195
                  aNqaIlea++g++rvH+iDf++sqGlQWpaL+qaLa Rp+gpp +R+Tg+g+p++++ + l+e+g +La++Ae+++v+fe++ +va++l+dl+ ++L+
  AT1G14920.1 257 ANQAILEAFQGKKRVHVIDFSMSQGLQWPALMQALALRPGGPPVFRLTGIGPPAPDNFDYLHEVGCKLAHLAEAIHVEFEYRGFVANTLADLDASMLE 354
                  ************************************************************************************************** PP

         GRAS 196 vkp..gEalaVnlvlqlhrlldesvsleserdevLklvkslsPkvvvvveqeadhnsesFlerflealeyysalfdsleaklpreseerikvErellg 291
                  ++p   E++aVn+v++lh+ll +++++++    vL +v++++P++++vveqe++hns+ Fl+rf+e+l+yys+lfdsle      s +++++++++lg
  AT1G14920.1 355 LRPseIESVAVNSVFELHKLLGRPGAIDK----VLGVVNQIKPEIFTVVEQESNHNSPIFLDRFTESLHYYSTLFDSLEGV---PSGQDKVMSEVYLG 445
                  **98889**************99998888....*********************************************998...799*********** PP

         GRAS 292 reivnvvacegaerrerhetlekWrerleeaGFkpvplsekaakqaklllrkvk.sdgyrveeesgslvlgWkdrpLvsvSaWr 374
                  ++i+nvvac g +r+erhetl++Wr+r+++aGF +++++++a kqa++ll+ ++ ++gyrvee++g+l+lgW++rpL+++SaW+
  AT1G14920.1 446 KQICNVVACDGPDRVERHETLSQWRNRFGSAGFAAAHIGSNAFKQASMLLALFNgGEGYRVEESDGCLMLGWHTRPLIATSAWK 529
                  ***********************************************************************************8 PP

Protein Features ? help Back to Top
3D Structure
Database Entry ID E-value Start End InterPro ID Description
SMARTSM011292.0E-4228101No hitNo description
PfamPF120411.8E-332895IPR021914Transcriptional factor DELLA, N-terminal
PROSITE profilePS5098564.4143508IPR005202Transcription factor GRAS
PfamPF035141.2E-132169529IPR005202Transcription factor GRAS
Gene Ontology ? help Back to Top
GO Term GO Category GO Description
GO:0006355Biological Processregulation of transcription, DNA-templated
GO:0006808Biological Processregulation of nitrogen utilization
GO:0009723Biological Processresponse to ethylene
GO:0009737Biological Processresponse to abscisic acid
GO:0009863Biological Processsalicylic acid mediated signaling pathway
GO:0009867Biological Processjasmonic acid mediated signaling pathway
GO:0009938Biological Processnegative regulation of gibberellic acid mediated signaling pathway
GO:0010187Biological Processnegative regulation of seed germination
GO:0010218Biological Processresponse to far red light
GO:0010233Biological Processphloem transport
GO:0042538Biological Processhyperosmotic salinity response
GO:2000033Biological Processregulation of seed dormancy process
GO:2000377Biological Processregulation of reactive oxygen species metabolic process
GO:0005634Cellular Componentnucleus
GO:0003700Molecular Functiontranscription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding
GO:0005515Molecular Functionprotein binding
GO:0043565Molecular Functionsequence-specific DNA binding
Plant Ontology ? help Back to Top
PO Term PO Category PO Description
PO:0000013anatomycauline leaf
PO:0000037anatomyshoot apex
PO:0000230anatomyinflorescence meristem
PO:0000293anatomyguard cell
PO:0008019anatomyleaf lamina base
PO:0009005anatomyroot
PO:0009006anatomyshoot system
PO:0009009anatomyplant embryo
PO:0009010anatomyseed
PO:0009025anatomyvascular leaf
PO:0009029anatomystamen
PO:0009030anatomycarpel
PO:0009031anatomysepal
PO:0009032anatomypetal
PO:0009046anatomyflower
PO:0009047anatomystem
PO:0009052anatomyflower pedicel
PO:0020030anatomycotyledon
PO:0020038anatomypetiole
PO:0020100anatomyhypocotyl
PO:0020137anatomyleaf apex
PO:0025022anatomycollective leaf structure
PO:0025281anatomypollen
PO:0001054developmental stagevascular leaf senescent stage
PO:0001078developmental stageplant embryo cotyledonary stage
PO:0001081developmental stagemature plant embryo stage
PO:0001185developmental stageplant embryo globular stage
PO:0004507developmental stageplant embryo bilateral stage
PO:0007064developmental stageLP.12 twelve leaves visible stage
PO:0007095developmental stageLP.08 eight leaves visible stage
PO:0007098developmental stageLP.02 two leaves visible stage
PO:0007103developmental stageLP.10 ten leaves visible stage
PO:0007115developmental stageLP.04 four leaves visible stage
PO:0007123developmental stageLP.06 six leaves visible stage
PO:0007611developmental stagepetal differentiation and expansion stage
PO:0007616developmental stageflowering stage
PO:0025374developmental stageseed dormant stage
Sequence ? help Back to Top
Protein Sequence    Length: 533 aa     Download sequence    Send to blast
MKRDHHHHHH QDKKTMMMNE EDDGNGMDEL LAVLGYKVRS SEMADVAQKL EQLEVMMSNV  60
QEDDLSQLAT ETVHYNPAEL YTWLDSMLTD LNPPSSNAEY DLKAIPGDAI LNQFAIDSAS  120
SSNQGGGGDT YTTNKRLKCS NGVVETTTAT AESTRHVVLV DSQENGVRLV HALLACAEAV  180
QKENLTVAEA LVKQIGFLAV SQIGAMRKVA TYFAEALARR IYRLSPSQSP IDHSLSDTLQ  240
MHFYETCPYL KFAHFTANQA ILEAFQGKKR VHVIDFSMSQ GLQWPALMQA LALRPGGPPV  300
FRLTGIGPPA PDNFDYLHEV GCKLAHLAEA IHVEFEYRGF VANTLADLDA SMLELRPSEI  360
ESVAVNSVFE LHKLLGRPGA IDKVLGVVNQ IKPEIFTVVE QESNHNSPIF LDRFTESLHY  420
YSTLFDSLEG VPSGQDKVMS EVYLGKQICN VVACDGPDRV ERHETLSQWR NRFGSAGFAA  480
AHIGSNAFKQ ASMLLALFNG GEGYRVEESD GCLMLGWHTR PLIATSAWKL STN
3D Structure ? help Back to Top
Structure
PDB ID Evalue Query Start Query End Hit Start Hit End Description
2zsi_B1e-6671134110DELLA protein GAI
2zsh_B1e-6671134110DELLA protein GAI
Search in ModeBase
Expression -- UniGene ? help Back to Top
UniGene ID E-value Expressed in
At.150320.0flower| leaf| seed| silique
Expression -- Microarray ? help Back to Top
Source ID E-value
GEO306840690.0
Genevisible262850_at0.0
Expression AtlasAT1G14920-
AtGenExpressAT1G14920-
ATTED-IIAT1G14920-
Expression -- Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniprotTISSUE SPECIFICITY: Ubiquitously expressed. Expressed in rosette leaves, roots, stems and inflorescences of greenhouse grown. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11877383, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9237632, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9490740}.
Functional Description ? help Back to Top
Source Description
TAIRSimilar to a putative transcription factor and transcriptional coactivators. Repressor of GA responses and involved in gibberellic acid mediated signaling. Member of the DELLA proteins that restrain the cell proliferation and expansion that drives plant growth. The protein undergoes degradation in response to GA via the 26S proteasome. GAI may be involved in reducing ROS accumulation in response to stress by up-regulating the transcription of superoxide dismutases. Represses GA-induced vegetative growth and floral initiation. Rapidly degraded in response to GA.
UniProtProbable transcriptional regulator that acts as a repressor of the gibberellin (GA) signaling pathway. No effect of the BOI proteins on its stability. Probably acts by participating in large multiprotein complexes that repress transcription of GA-inducible genes. Positively regulates XERICO expression. In contrast to RGA, it is less sensitive to GA. Its activity is probably regulated by other phytohormones such as auxin and ethylene. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:11487693, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11606551, ECO:0000269|PubMed:11606552, ECO:0000269|PubMed:14973286, ECO:0000269|PubMed:15128937, ECO:0000269|PubMed:16034591, ECO:0000269|PubMed:17933900, ECO:0000269|PubMed:9389651}.
Function -- GeneRIF ? help Back to Top
  1. SLEEPY1 interacts directly with RGA and GA INSENSITIVE (GAI, a closely related DELLA protein) via their C-terminal GRAS domain
    [PMID: 15155881]
  2. SLY1 (the wild-type form) and sly1gar2-1 both confer substrate specificity on this complex via specific binding to the DELLA proteins, GAI and RGA
    [PMID: 15161962]
  3. We show that ga1-3 seeds lacking RGA, RGL1 and RGL2 or GAI, RGL1 and RGL2, confer GA-independent germination in the light but not in the darkness whilst ga1-3 seeds lacking GAI, RGA and RGL2 germinate both in the light and darkness.
    [PMID: 16034591]
  4. Through transgenic modification, DELLA-less versions of GAI (gai) and RGL1 (rgl1) in a Populus tree have profound, dominant effects on phenotype, producing pleiotropic changes in morphology and metabolic profiles.
    [PMID: 16404575]
  5. PIL5 binds directly to GAIpromoters but not to Giberellic and Abscisic metabolic gene promoters in arabidopsis.
    [PMID: 17449805]
  6. Data show that gai gene apple transgenic clones showed reduced rooting ability, especially for the extremely compact ones.
    [PMID: 17932677]
  7. A study evaluting ethylene-giberillic acid crosstalk in gibberellin-insensitive (gai), ethylene-overproducing 2-1 (eto2-1) double mutant A. thaliana is reported.
    [PMID: 18078472]
  8. crystal structure of a ternary complex of Arabidopsis thaliana GID1A, a bioactive gibberellin and the amino-terminal DELLA domain of GAI
    [PMID: 19037309]
  9. The RNA mobile elements in GAI RNA play important roles in RNA movement.
    [PMID: 19453448]
  10. We show that repression of germination by far-red light involves stabilized DELLA factors GAI, RGA and RGL2 that stimulate endogenous abscisic acid synthesis which, in turn, blocks germination through the transcription factor ABI3.
    [PMID: 19556968]
  11. Data documented that Lys-29 of ubiquitin is the major site for ubiquitin chain formation to mediate DELLA protein degradation that also required protein Ser/Thr dephosphorylation activity. The LZ domain is essential for both their stability and activity.
    [PMID: 19717618]
  12. SPT acts in an analogous manner to the gibberellin-dependent DELLAs, REPRESSOR OF GA1-3 and GIBBERELLIC ACID INSENSITIVE, which restrain cotyledon expansion alongside SPT.
    [PMID: 21478445]
  13. Studies indicate that GRAS proteins are named after the first three members: GIBBERELLIC ACID INSENSITIVE (GAI), REPRESSOR of GAI (RGA) and SCARECROW (SCR), and they have diverse roles in plant development and signal transduction.
    [PMID: 21732203]
  14. Results show that the induction of GAI activity has an almost immediate effect on gene expression.
    [PMID: 21904598]
  15. Data show the model of the gene expression feedback regulation of GID1, GA20ox, and GA3ox, and DELLA with gibberellin.
    [PMID: 22523240]
  16. GAI requires BOTRYTIS SUSCEPTIBLE1 INTERACTORs (BOIs) to inhibit GA responses such as seed germination, phase transition, and flowering.
    [PMID: 23482857]
  17. GID1 relieves seed dormancy through the down-regulation of DELLA via direct protein-protein interaction.
    [PMID: 23818171]
  18. Atgai mRNA can move from companion cells to sieve tubes and the translated product remains at the sites to which it is transported.
    [PMID: 24144190]
  19. DELLA activity is essential for Arabidopsis pollen development.
    [PMID: 24400898]
  20. The removal of DELLA repression highly upregulated certain genes on various hormone pathways, suggesting that gibberellin signaling acts upstream of the jasmonic acid, salicylic acid, and ethylene pathways in regulating leaf senescence.
    [PMID: 24576761]
  21. showed that the WD-repeat/bHLH/MYB complex acts as a direct target of DELLAs in the GA pathway and that both DELLAs and JAZs interacted with the WD-repeat/bHLH/MYB complex to mediate synergism between GA and JA signaling
    [PMID: 24659329]
  22. DAG1 and the DELLA protein GAI cooperate in negatively regulating the AtGA3ox1 gene
    [PMID: 24719470]
  23. DELLA protein functions as a transcriptional activator through the DNA binding of the indeterminate domain family proteins.
    [PMID: 24821766]
  24. Upon seed imbibition, increased Gibberellin (GA)levels reduce DELLA protein abundance and release ATML1/PDF2 to activate L1 box gene expression, thus enhancing germination potential.
    [PMID: 24989044]
  25. Further analyses demonstrated that TOPP4 is able to directly bind and dephosphorylate RGA and GAI, confirming that the TOPP4-controlled phosphorylation status of DELLAs is associated with their stability
    [PMID: 25010794]
  26. GAF1 interacts with the corepressor TPR and that DELLAs and TPR act as coactivators and a corepressor of GAF1, respectively. Gibberellin (GA) converts the GAF1 complex from transcriptional activator to repressor via the degradation of DELLAs.
    [PMID: 25035403]
  27. RGA and GAI play distinct roles in seed germination, and GAI interacts with DAG1 in embryo development.
    [PMID: 25064446]
  28. Transcriptional analysis supported these results and revealed that a complex signaling network has responded to MgT in Arabidopsis. DELLA enhancement, which depends on ABI1, contributed to the remodeling growth and development of young seedlings
    [PMID: 25074907]
  29. our data suggest that the miR171-SCL module is critical for mediating GA-DELLA signaling in the coordinate regulation of chlorophyll biosynthesis and leaf growth in light.
    [PMID: 25101599]
  30. Under conditions of competition for light, plants redirect resource allocation from defense to rapid elongation by promoting DELLA degradation and enhancing JAZ10 stability.
    [PMID: 25103816]
  31. determined the TF interactome of the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) DELLA protein GIBBERELLIN INSENSITIVE and screened a collection of conditional TF overexpressors in search of those that alter GA sensitivity
    [PMID: 25118255]
  32. BBX24 physically interacts with DELLA proteins and alleviates DELLA-mediated repression of PIF4 activity.
    [PMID: 25656233]
  33. DELLAs are modified by the O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) transferase (OGT) SECRET AGENT (SEC) in Arabidopsis.
    [PMID: 26773002]
Cis-element ? help Back to Top
SourceLink
PlantRegMapAT1G14920.1
Regulation -- PlantRegMap ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator Target Gene
PlantRegMapRetrieveRetrieve
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Upstream Regulators) ? help Back to Top
Source Upstream Regulator (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT2G20180 (A)
Regulation -- ATRM (Manually Curated Target Genes) ? help Back to Top
Source Target Gene (A: Activate/R: Repress)
ATRM AT1G15550(R), AT2G04240(A), AT2G36270(A), AT3G27920(R), AT4G25420(R), AT5G61850(A)
Regulation -- Hormone ? help Back to Top
Source Hormone
AHDabscisic acid, ethylene, gibberellin
Interaction ? help Back to Top
Source Intact With
BioGRIDAT1G67260, AT1G19210, AT1G31630, AT1G32640, AT1G35560, AT1G45249, AT1G49720, AT1G53230, AT1G58100, AT1G63650, AT1G68920, AT1G69170, AT1G69690, AT1G69810, AT1G70000, AT1G75080
IntActSearch Q9LQT8
Phenotype -- Disruption Phenotype ? help Back to Top
Source Description
UniProtDISRUPTION PHENOTYPE: Rga, gai, rgl1, rgl2 and rgl3 pentuple mutant displays constitutive GA responses even in the absence of GA treatment. {ECO:0000269|PubMed:23482857}.
Phenotype -- Mutation ? help Back to Top
Source ID
T-DNA ExpressAT1G14920
Annotation -- Nucleotide ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
GenBankGQ1773890.0GQ177389.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Wt-5 GAI gene, complete sequence.
GenBankGQ1773850.0GQ177385.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Mt-0 GAI gene, complete sequence.
GenBankGQ1773780.0GQ177378.1 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Ei-2 GAI gene, complete sequence.
GenBankAC0069170.0AC006917.6 Genomic sequence for Arabidopsis thaliana BAC F10B6 from chromosome I, complete sequence.
GenBankCP0026840.0CP002684.1 Arabidopsis thaliana chromosome 1 sequence.
GenBankAY1420020.0AY142002.1 Arabidopsis thaliana At1g14920/F10B6_15 mRNA, complete cds.
GenBankAY0581940.0AY058194.1 Arabidopsis thaliana At1g14920/F10B6_15 mRNA, complete cds.
Annotation -- Protein ? help Back to Top
Source Hit ID E-value Description
RefseqNP_172945.10.0DELLA protein GAI
SwissprotQ9LQT80.0GAI_ARATH; DELLA protein GAI
TrEMBLD7KCL10.0D7KCL1_ARALL; Putative uncharacterized protein
STRINGAT1G14920.10.0(Arabidopsis thaliana)
Orthologous Group ? help Back to Top
LineageOrthologous Group IDTaxa NumberGene Number
Representative plantOGRP12511550
MalvidsOGEM83728121
Publications ? help Back to Top
  1. Peng J,Richards DE,Moritz T,Ca
    Extragenic suppressors of the Arabidopsis gai mutation alter the dose-response relationship of diverse gibberellin responses.
    Plant Physiol., 1999. 119(4): p. 1199-208
    [PMID:10198078]
  2. Pysh LD,Wysocka-Diller JW,Camilleri C,Bouchez D,Benfey PN
    The GRAS gene family in Arabidopsis: sequence characterization and basic expression analysis of the SCARECROW-LIKE genes.
    Plant J., 1999. 18(1): p. 111-9
    [PMID:10341448]
  3. Peng J, et al.
    'Green revolution' genes encode mutant gibberellin response modulators.
    Nature, 1999. 400(6741): p. 256-61
    [PMID:10421366]
  4. Vivian-Smith A,Koltunow AM
    Genetic analysis of growth-regulator-induced parthenocarpy in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 1999. 121(2): p. 437-51
    [PMID:10517835]
  5. Gendreau E,Orbovic V,H
    Gibberellin and ethylene control endoreduplication levels in the Arabidopsis thaliana hypocotyl.
    Planta, 1999. 209(4): p. 513-6
    [PMID:10550633]
  6. Jacobsen SE,Olszewski NE,Meyerowitz EM
    SPINDLY's role in the gibberellin response pathway.
    Symp. Soc. Exp. Biol., 1998. 51: p. 73-8
    [PMID:10645426]
  7. Ogawa M,Kusano T,Katsumi M,Sano H
    Rice gibberellin-insensitive gene homolog, OsGAI, encodes a nuclear-localized protein capable of gene activation at transcriptional level.
    Gene, 2000. 245(1): p. 21-9
    [PMID:10713441]
  8. Rahman A, et al.
    Involvement of ethylene and gibberellin signalings in chromosaponin I-induced cell division and cell elongation in the roots of Arabidopsis seedlings.
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2000. 41(1): p. 1-9
    [PMID:10750702]
  9. Chandler J,Martinez-Zapater JM,Dean C
    Mutations causing defects in the biosynthesis and response to gibberellins, abscisic acid and phytochrome B do not inhibit vernalization in Arabidopsis fca-1.
    Planta, 2000. 210(4): p. 677-82
    [PMID:10787063]
  10. Riechmann JL, et al.
    Arabidopsis transcription factors: genome-wide comparative analysis among eukaryotes.
    Science, 2000. 290(5499): p. 2105-10
    [PMID:11118137]
  11. Steber CM,McCourt P
    A role for brassinosteroids in germination in Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 2001. 125(2): p. 763-9
    [PMID:11161033]
  12. Ikeda A, et al.
    slender rice, a constitutive gibberellin response mutant, is caused by a null mutation of the SLR1 gene, an ortholog of the height-regulating gene GAI/RGA/RHT/D8.
    Plant Cell, 2001. 13(5): p. 999-1010
    [PMID:11340177]
  13. Tseng TS,Swain SM,Olszewski NE
    Ectopic expression of the tetratricopeptide repeat domain of SPINDLY causes defects in gibberellin response.
    Plant Physiol., 2001. 126(3): p. 1250-8
    [PMID:11457975]
  14. Fu X, et al.
    Expression of Arabidopsis GAI in transgenic rice represses multiple gibberellin responses.
    Plant Cell, 2001. 13(8): p. 1791-802
    [PMID:11487693]
  15. King KE,Moritz T,Harberd NP
    Gibberellins are not required for normal stem growth in Arabidopsis thaliana in the absence of GAI and RGA.
    Genetics, 2001. 159(2): p. 767-76
    [PMID:11606551]
  16. Dill A,Sun T
    Synergistic derepression of gibberellin signaling by removing RGA and GAI function in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Genetics, 2001. 159(2): p. 777-85
    [PMID:11606552]
  17. Dill A,Jung HS,Sun TP
    The DELLA motif is essential for gibberellin-induced degradation of RGA.
    Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2001. 98(24): p. 14162-7
    [PMID:11717468]
  18. Wen CK,Chang C
    Arabidopsis RGL1 encodes a negative regulator of gibberellin responses.
    Plant Cell, 2002. 14(1): p. 87-100
    [PMID:11826301]
  19. Ezhova TA,Soldatova OP,Skliarova OA
    [Nana gene--a regulator of cell division and elongation of stem cells in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh].
    Genetika, 2002. 38(1): p. 63-71
    [PMID:11852796]
  20. Lee S, et al.
    Gibberellin regulates Arabidopsis seed germination via RGL2, a GAI/RGA-like gene whose expression is up-regulated following imbibition.
    Genes Dev., 2002. 16(5): p. 646-58
    [PMID:11877383]
  21. Peng J, et al.
    Molecular and physiological characterization of arabidopsis GAI alleles obtained in targeted Ds-tagging experiments.
    Planta, 2002. 214(4): p. 591-6
    [PMID:11925042]
  22. Boss PK,Thomas MR
    Association of dwarfism and floral induction with a grape 'green revolution' mutation.
    Nature, 2002. 416(6883): p. 847-50
    [PMID:11976683]
  23. Chandler PM,Marion-Poll A,Ellis M,Gubler F
    Mutants at the Slender1 locus of barley cv Himalaya. Molecular and physiological characterization.
    Plant Physiol., 2002. 129(1): p. 181-90
    [PMID:12011349]
  24. Swain SM,Tseng TS,Thornton TM,Gopalraj M,Olszewski NE
    SPINDLY is a nuclear-localized repressor of gibberellin signal transduction expressed throughout the plant.
    Plant Physiol., 2002. 129(2): p. 605-15
    [PMID:12068105]
  25. Peng J,Harberd NP
    The role of GA-mediated signalling in the control of seed germination.
    Curr. Opin. Plant Biol., 2002. 5(5): p. 376-81
    [PMID:12183174]
  26. Wilson RN,Somerville CR
    Phenotypic Suppression of the Gibberellin-Insensitive Mutant (gai) of Arabidopsis.
    Plant Physiol., 1995. 108(2): p. 495-502
    [PMID:12228487]
  27. Peng J,Harberd NP
    Derivative Alleles of the Arabidopsis Gibberellin-Insensitive (gai) Mutation Confer a Wild-Type Phenotype.
    Plant Cell, 1993. 5(3): p. 351-360
    [PMID:12271067]
  28. Tsukaya H,Kozuka T,Kim GT
    Genetic control of petiole length in Arabidopsis thaliana.
    Plant Cell Physiol., 2002. 43(10): p. 1221-8
    [PMID:12407202]
  29. Fleck B,Harberd NP
    Evidence that the Arabidopsis nuclear gibberellin signalling protein GAI is not destabilised by gibberellin.
    Plant J., 2002. 32(6): p. 935-47
    [PMID:12492836]
  30. Day RB,Shibuya N,Minami E
    Identification and characterization of two new members of the GRAS gene family in rice responsive to N-acetylchitooligosaccharide elicitor.
    Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 2003. 1625(3): p. 261-8
    [PMID:12591613]
  31. Huang S, et al.
    Transgenic studies on the involvement of cytokinin and gibberellin in male development.
    Plant Physiol., 2003. 131(3): p. 1270-82
    [PMID:12644677]
  32. McGinnis KM, et al.
    The Arabidopsis SLEEPY1 gene encodes a putative F-box subunit of an SCF E3 ubiquitin ligase.
    Plant Cell, 2003. 15(5): p. 1120-30
    [PMID:12724538]
  33. Yamada K, et al.
    Empirical analysis of transcriptional activity in the Arabidopsis genome.
    Science, 2003. 302(5646): p. 842-6
    [PMID:14593172]
  34. Hynes LW,Peng J,Richards DE,Harberd NP
    Transgenic expression of the Arabidopsis DELLA proteins GAI and gai confers altered gibberellin response in tobacco.
    Transgenic Res., 2003. 12(6): p. 707-14
    [PMID:14713199]
  35. Bolle C
    The role of GRAS proteins in plant signal transduction and development.
    Planta, 2004. 218(5): p. 683-92
    [PMID:14760535]
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