PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Zea mays
ERF Family
Species TF ID Description
AC187157.4_FGP001ERF family protein
AC198403.3_FGP001ERF family protein
AC198979.4_FGP009ERF family protein
AC200038.4_FGP011ERF family protein
AC206951.3_FGP016ERF family protein
AC206951.3_FGP017ERF family protein
AC209257.4_FGP006ERF family protein
AC213666.3_FGP003ERF family protein
AC233933.1_FGP001ERF family protein
GRMZM2G000520_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G002119_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G003466_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G005301_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G006745_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G006745_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G006745_P03ERF family protein
GRMZM2G006745_P04ERF family protein
GRMZM2G006745_P06ERF family protein
GRMZM2G007406_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G008234_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G009598_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G010100_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G011110_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G011236_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G015281_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G016079_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G016434_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G018138_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G018398_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G018398_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G018984_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G019443_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G020016_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G020054_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G020150_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G021369_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G021369_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G021369_P03ERF family protein
GRMZM2G021573_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G021790_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G023708_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G024871_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G025062_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G026926_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G028151_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G028386_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G028969_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G029323_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G033656_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G039112_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G039870_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G040664_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G041839_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G042756_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G044077_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G047918_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G047999_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G048621_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G050851_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G052667_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G052667_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G052720_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G053503_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G055070_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G055180_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G055204_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G057386_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G059939_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G060206_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G060249_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G060465_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G060517_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G060876_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G061487_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G061487_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G066158_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G067463_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G068967_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G069082_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G069126_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G069146_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G072926_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G073047_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G073258_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G076896_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G076896_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G079653_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G079825_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G080516_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G081892_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G081892_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G084264_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G085678_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G085964_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G085964_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G087040_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G087059_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G087059_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G089995_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G093595_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G097081_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G097182_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G100727_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G100982_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G103085_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G104260_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G104866_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G104866_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G105266_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G106591_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G110333_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G111415_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G113060_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G114820_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G119865_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G120401_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G123119_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G124011_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G124037_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G125460_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G129674_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G129777_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G131266_P03ERF family protein
GRMZM2G131266_P04ERF family protein
GRMZM2G131281_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G132185_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G132223_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G133168_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G133168_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G135452_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G137341_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G138396_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G139740_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G139765_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G141219_P03ERF family protein
GRMZM2G141679_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G142179_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G146028_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G148333_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G148333_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G149756_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G151542_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G156006_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G156737_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G160971_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G163745_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G165257_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G169382_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G171179_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G171179_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G171569_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G172936_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G173771_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G174347_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G174917_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G175525_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G175543_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G175856_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G300924_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G301860_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G307119_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G307152_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G309731_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G310368_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G317596_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G322672_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G323172_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G328197_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G348307_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G363052_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G368838_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G369472_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G376255_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G379652_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G380377_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G381441_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G384386_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G399098_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G399598_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G419901_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G421033_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G425798_P02ERF family protein
GRMZM2G429378_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G434203_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G438202_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G457562_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G458437_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G461907_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G466044_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G474326_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G475678_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G477287_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G478965_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G480434_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G481668_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM2G544539_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM5G805505_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM5G806839_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM5G816314_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM5G837876_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM5G842961_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM5G846057_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM5G852704_P01ERF family protein
GRMZM5G889719_P01ERF family protein
ERF Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

After finding the tobacco ERFs, many proteins in the ERF family were identified and implicated in many diverse functions in cellular processes, such as hormonal signal transduction, response to biotic and abiotic stresses, regulation of metabolism, and in developmental processes in various plant species.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444


The first class are proteins which bind to ethylene response elements (ERE) or GCC boxes (tobacco EREBPs, Arabidopsis AtEBP and AtERF1-5, and tomato Pti4-6) found in the promoters of ethylene-inducible pathogenesis related genes. The GCC box is an 11 bp sequence (TAAGAGCCGCC) with a core GCCGCC sequence that is required for binding.
The second class includes proteins that bind to the C-repeat or dehydration response element (DRE) in the promoters of genes that are turned on in response to low temperatures and/or water deficit (CBF1, CBF2, CBF3/DREB1A and DREB2A). The C-repeat/DREs contain the core sequence CCGAC.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102