Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Vitis vinifera
TCP Family
Species TF ID Description
GSVIVT01008023001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01008109001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01008234001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01011962001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01014236001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01019876001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01020011001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01020666001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01021167001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01021528001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01023283001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01026145001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01027588001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01032911001TCP family protein
GSVIVT01036449001TCP family protein
TCP Family Introduction

The TCP gene family was first described in 1999, as a small group of plant genes encoding proteins sharing the socalled TCP domain, a 59-amino acid basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) motif that allows DNA binding and protein-protein interactions. This domain was initially identified in four proteins encoded by apparently unrelated genes, from which the name 'TCP' was derived: teosinte branched1 (tb1) from maize (Zea mays), CYCLOIDEA (CYC) from snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus), and the PROLIFERATING CELL FACTORS 1 and 2 (PCF1 and PCF2) from rice (Oryza sativa). The tb1 gene is a major determinant of strong apical dominance in domesticated maize. CYC is involved in the control of floral bilateral symmetry in Antirrhinum. PCF1 and PCF2 are factors that bind to the promoter of the rice PROLIFERATING CELL NUCLEAR ANTIGEN (PCNA) gene, which encodes a protein involved in DNA replication and repair, maintenance of chromatin structure, chromosome segregation and cell-cycle progression.

TCP genes have been found in various plant species, and new roles in plant development have been elucidated. These discoveries emphasize the importance of this plant-specific gene family in the evolution and developmental control of plant form.

Martin-Trillo M, Cubas P.
TCP genes: a family snapshot ten years later.
Trends Plant Sci, 2010. 15(1): p. 31-9.
PMID: 19963426