PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Triticum urartu
ERF Family
Species TF ID Description
TRIUR3_00310-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_03342-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_03778-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_04273-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_04409-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_07780-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_07811-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_08570-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_08978-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_11943-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_14074-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_16508-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_17409-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_17496-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_17973-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_18522-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_20682-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_21819-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_22061-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_22374-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_22798-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_25005-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_27406-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_27452-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_27883-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_28474-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_28710-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_29784-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_29805-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_31251-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_32168-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_32331-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_33298-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_34295-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_34422-P1ERF family protein
TRIUR3_35273-P1ERF family protein
ERF Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

After finding the tobacco ERFs, many proteins in the ERF family were identified and implicated in many diverse functions in cellular processes, such as hormonal signal transduction, response to biotic and abiotic stresses, regulation of metabolism, and in developmental processes in various plant species.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444


The first class are proteins which bind to ethylene response elements (ERE) or GCC boxes (tobacco EREBPs, Arabidopsis AtEBP and AtERF1-5, and tomato Pti4-6) found in the promoters of ethylene-inducible pathogenesis related genes. The GCC box is an 11 bp sequence (TAAGAGCCGCC) with a core GCCGCC sequence that is required for binding.
The second class includes proteins that bind to the C-repeat or dehydration response element (DRE) in the promoters of genes that are turned on in response to low temperatures and/or water deficit (CBF1, CBF2, CBF3/DREB1A and DREB2A). The C-repeat/DREs contain the core sequence CCGAC.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102