PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Theobroma cacao
ERF Family
Species TF ID Description
Thecc1EG000606t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG000669t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG001147t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG001301t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG002835t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG002835t2ERF family protein
Thecc1EG004052t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG004056t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG004061t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG004062t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG004710t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG004712t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG004717t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG005130t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG005203t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG005425t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG005639t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG005704t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG005705t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG005706t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG005707t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG007061t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG008066t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG008162t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG008270t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG008334t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG010540t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG011632t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG011811t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG011811t2ERF family protein
Thecc1EG012330t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG014471t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG014762t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG014845t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG014847t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG014847t2ERF family protein
Thecc1EG014850t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG014892t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG015083t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG015336t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG015579t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG015898t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG015902t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG015930t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG016175t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG016176t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG016396t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG016452t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG017352t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG017352t2ERF family protein
Thecc1EG017382t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG018659t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG020321t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG020869t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG020870t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG020871t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG021164t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG021264t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG021596t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG022462t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG022481t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG024756t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG025083t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG025913t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG026121t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG026233t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG026234t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG027157t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG027348t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG027394t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG028851t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG029232t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG029232t2ERF family protein
Thecc1EG029232t3ERF family protein
Thecc1EG029232t4ERF family protein
Thecc1EG029772t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG029773t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG029820t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG029823t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG030804t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG031608t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG032408t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG033791t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG034132t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG034939t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG035077t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG035671t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG036224t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG036269t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG036270t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG036616t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG036933t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG037007t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG037194t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG037415t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG037486t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG037487t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG037811t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG038081t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG040015t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG041493t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG042300t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG042471t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG043275t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG043302t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG043306t1ERF family protein
Thecc1EG044478t1ERF family protein
ERF Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

After finding the tobacco ERFs, many proteins in the ERF family were identified and implicated in many diverse functions in cellular processes, such as hormonal signal transduction, response to biotic and abiotic stresses, regulation of metabolism, and in developmental processes in various plant species.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444


The first class are proteins which bind to ethylene response elements (ERE) or GCC boxes (tobacco EREBPs, Arabidopsis AtEBP and AtERF1-5, and tomato Pti4-6) found in the promoters of ethylene-inducible pathogenesis related genes. The GCC box is an 11 bp sequence (TAAGAGCCGCC) with a core GCCGCC sequence that is required for binding.
The second class includes proteins that bind to the C-repeat or dehydration response element (DRE) in the promoters of genes that are turned on in response to low temperatures and/or water deficit (CBF1, CBF2, CBF3/DREB1A and DREB2A). The C-repeat/DREs contain the core sequence CCGAC.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102