PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Spirodela polyrhiza
ERF Family
Species TF ID Description
Spipo0G0034200ERF family protein
Spipo0G0055000ERF family protein
Spipo0G0068300ERF family protein
Spipo0G0090000ERF family protein
Spipo0G0135100ERF family protein
Spipo0G0138900ERF family protein
Spipo0G0155100ERF family protein
Spipo0G0157400ERF family protein
Spipo0G0167600ERF family protein
Spipo0G0175000ERF family protein
Spipo10G0047600ERF family protein
Spipo11G0028200ERF family protein
Spipo11G0051700ERF family protein
Spipo12G0002000ERF family protein
Spipo12G0042600ERF family protein
Spipo12G0064700ERF family protein
Spipo13G0001400ERF family protein
Spipo13G0037800ERF family protein
Spipo14G0020400ERF family protein
Spipo14G0047400ERF family protein
Spipo15G0009700ERF family protein
Spipo15G0019800ERF family protein
Spipo15G0022300ERF family protein
Spipo16G0007200ERF family protein
Spipo16G0040000ERF family protein
Spipo17G0008500ERF family protein
Spipo17G0023200ERF family protein
Spipo17G0043400ERF family protein
Spipo19G0026400ERF family protein
Spipo1G0014700ERF family protein
Spipo1G0023200ERF family protein
Spipo1G0084300ERF family protein
Spipo1G0096800ERF family protein
Spipo1G0114200ERF family protein
Spipo20G0019100ERF family protein
Spipo20G0027700ERF family protein
Spipo22G0014700ERF family protein
Spipo23G0041800ERF family protein
Spipo25G0006300ERF family protein
Spipo26G0011600ERF family protein
Spipo26G0026700ERF family protein
Spipo28G0010500ERF family protein
Spipo29G0016400ERF family protein
Spipo2G0030200ERF family protein
Spipo2G0057700ERF family protein
Spipo2G0069500ERF family protein
Spipo2G0118800ERF family protein
Spipo3G0007500ERF family protein
Spipo3G0030500ERF family protein
Spipo3G0031700ERF family protein
Spipo3G0031800ERF family protein
Spipo4G0049200ERF family protein
Spipo4G0078000ERF family protein
Spipo4G0112900ERF family protein
Spipo5G0009900ERF family protein
Spipo5G0012800ERF family protein
Spipo5G0028100ERF family protein
Spipo5G0031500ERF family protein
Spipo6G0058200ERF family protein
Spipo6G0064100ERF family protein
Spipo7G0044400ERF family protein
Spipo7G0065200ERF family protein
Spipo7G0068000ERF family protein
Spipo9G0040400ERF family protein
Spipo9G0056000ERF family protein
ERF Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

After finding the tobacco ERFs, many proteins in the ERF family were identified and implicated in many diverse functions in cellular processes, such as hormonal signal transduction, response to biotic and abiotic stresses, regulation of metabolism, and in developmental processes in various plant species.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444


The first class are proteins which bind to ethylene response elements (ERE) or GCC boxes (tobacco EREBPs, Arabidopsis AtEBP and AtERF1-5, and tomato Pti4-6) found in the promoters of ethylene-inducible pathogenesis related genes. The GCC box is an 11 bp sequence (TAAGAGCCGCC) with a core GCCGCC sequence that is required for binding.
The second class includes proteins that bind to the C-repeat or dehydration response element (DRE) in the promoters of genes that are turned on in response to low temperatures and/or water deficit (CBF1, CBF2, CBF3/DREB1A and DREB2A). The C-repeat/DREs contain the core sequence CCGAC.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102