PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Saccharum officinarum
HD-ZIP Family
Species TF ID Description
Sof002821HD-ZIP family protein
Sof000837HD-ZIP family protein
Sof000246HD-ZIP family protein
Sof003098HD-ZIP family protein
Sof007708HD-ZIP family protein
Sof009975HD-ZIP family protein
Sof009020HD-ZIP family protein
Sof019058HD-ZIP family protein
Sof013963HD-ZIP family protein
Sof003339HD-ZIP family protein
Sof003489HD-ZIP family protein
Sof003740HD-ZIP family protein
Sof007970HD-ZIP family protein
Sof019740HD-ZIP family protein
Sof020123HD-ZIP family protein
Sof015270HD-ZIP family protein
Sof004565HD-ZIP family protein
Sof006039HD-ZIP family protein
HD-ZIP Family Introduction

A homeobox (HB) encodes a protein domain, the homeodomain (HD), which is a conserved 60-amino acid motif present in transcription factors found in all the eukaryotic organisms. This 60-amino acid sequence folds into a characteristic three-helix structure that is able to interact specifically with DNA. Most HDs are able to bind DNA as monomers with high affinity, through interactions made by helix III (the so-called recognition helix) and a disordered N-terminal arm located beyond helix I. The high degree of conservation of this type of domain among diverse proteins from different kingdoms indicates that this structure is crucial to maintain the HD functionality and that the role played by this domain is vital.

Members of the HD-Zip family have a leucine zipper motif (LZ) immediately downstream of the HD. The two motifs are present in transcription factors found in species belonging to other eukaryotic kingdoms, but their association in a single protein is unique to plants. The HD is responsible for the specific binding to DNA, whereas LZ acts as a dimerization motif. HD-Zip proteins bind to DNA as dimers, and the absence of LZ absolutely abolishes their binding ability, which indicates that the relative orientation of the monomers, driven by this motif, is crucial for an efficient recognition of DNA.

Ariel FD, Manavella PA, Dezar CA, Chan RL.
The true story of the HD-Zip family.
Trends Plant Sci, 2007. 12(9): p. 419-26.
PMID: 17698401