PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Ricinus communis
WOX Family
Species TF ID Description
30039.m000243WOX family protein
30170.m013846WOX family protein
29669.m000805WOX family protein
29876.m000245WOX family protein
27471.m000409WOX family protein
28102.m000106WOX family protein
29900.m001555WOX family protein
29816.m000691WOX family protein
30072.m000927WOX family protein
29830.m001452WOX family protein
30170.m014389WOX family protein
WOX Family Introduction

A homeobox (HB) encodes a protein domain, the homeodomain (HD), which is a conserved 60-amino acid motif present in transcription factors found in all the eukaryotic organisms. This 60-amino acid sequence folds into a characteristic three-helix structure that is able to interact specifically with DNA. Most HDs are able to bind DNA as monomers with high affinity, through interactions made by helix III (the so-called recognition helix) and a disordered N-terminal arm located beyond helix I. The high degree of conservation of this type of domain among diverse proteins from different kingdoms indicates that this structure is crucial to maintain the HD functionality and that the role played by this domain is vital.

Ariel FD, Manavella PA, Dezar CA, Chan RL.
The true story of the HD-Zip family.
Trends Plant Sci, 2007. 12(9): p. 419-26.
PMID: 17698401


The WOX genes form a plant-specific subclade of the eukaryotic homeobox transcription factor superfamily, which is characterized by the presence of a conserved DNA-binding homeodomain. The analysis of WOX gene expression and function shows that WOX family members fulfill specialized functions in key developmental processes in plants, such as embryonic patterning, stem-cell maintenance and organ formation. These functions can be related to either promotion of cell division activity and/or prevention of premature cell differentiation.

van der Graaff E, Laux T, Rensing SA.
The WUS homeobox-containing (WOX) protein family.
Genome Biol, 2009. 10(12): p. 248.
PMID: 20067590