PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Ricinus communis
ERF Family
Species TF ID Description
27401.m000291ERF family protein
27446.m000475ERF family protein
27524.m000298ERF family protein
27585.m000144ERF family protein
27805.m000021ERF family protein
27810.m000639ERF family protein
27904.m000217ERF family protein
27965.m000108ERF family protein
28049.m000300ERF family protein
28118.m000034ERF family protein
28192.m000255ERF family protein
28206.m000104ERF family protein
28320.m001139ERF family protein
28353.m000054ERF family protein
28552.m000029ERF family protein
28641.m000082ERF family protein
28644.m000942ERF family protein
28718.m000038ERF family protein
29092.m000462ERF family protein
29092.m000466ERF family protein
29584.m000234ERF family protein
29584.m000235ERF family protein
29584.m000237ERF family protein
29588.m000873ERF family protein
29603.m000509ERF family protein
29603.m000510ERF family protein
29635.m000461ERF family protein
29640.m000403ERF family protein
29680.m001678ERF family protein
29680.m001737ERF family protein
29726.m004013ERF family protein
29726.m004094ERF family protein
29729.m002292ERF family protein
29739.m003647ERF family protein
29739.m003716ERF family protein
29739.m003717ERF family protein
29742.m001400ERF family protein
29792.m000600ERF family protein
29794.m003381ERF family protein
29801.m003186ERF family protein
29813.m001543ERF family protein
29814.m000739ERF family protein
29820.m001008ERF family protein
29841.m002846ERF family protein
29848.m004566ERF family protein
29848.m004632ERF family protein
29863.m001066ERF family protein
29895.m000321ERF family protein
29900.m001559ERF family protein
29900.m001561ERF family protein
29904.m002941ERF family protein
29908.m006005ERF family protein
29908.m006165ERF family protein
29912.m005463ERF family protein
29938.m000611ERF family protein
29983.m003147ERF family protein
29983.m003227ERF family protein
29986.m001656ERF family protein
30068.m002623ERF family protein
30084.m000185ERF family protein
30115.m001193ERF family protein
30128.m008556ERF family protein
30128.m008571ERF family protein
30131.m006951ERF family protein
30131.m006971ERF family protein
30146.m003535ERF family protein
30147.m014311ERF family protein
30147.m014313ERF family protein
30147.m014329ERF family protein
30147.m014331ERF family protein
30147.m014403ERF family protein
30169.m006542ERF family protein
30170.m013668ERF family protein
30170.m013843ERF family protein
30170.m014115ERF family protein
30174.m008755ERF family protein
30174.m008756ERF family protein
30174.m008757ERF family protein
30174.m008758ERF family protein
30174.m008759ERF family protein
30174.m008790ERF family protein
30174.m008961ERF family protein
30174.m009031ERF family protein
30190.m010791ERF family protein
30190.m010825ERF family protein
30190.m011119ERF family protein
30190.m011120ERF family protein
30190.m011121ERF family protein
30190.m011321ERF family protein
30190.m011323ERF family protein
30217.m000254ERF family protein
31215.m000027ERF family protein
60638.m00016ERF family protein
ERF Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

After finding the tobacco ERFs, many proteins in the ERF family were identified and implicated in many diverse functions in cellular processes, such as hormonal signal transduction, response to biotic and abiotic stresses, regulation of metabolism, and in developmental processes in various plant species.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444


The first class are proteins which bind to ethylene response elements (ERE) or GCC boxes (tobacco EREBPs, Arabidopsis AtEBP and AtERF1-5, and tomato Pti4-6) found in the promoters of ethylene-inducible pathogenesis related genes. The GCC box is an 11 bp sequence (TAAGAGCCGCC) with a core GCCGCC sequence that is required for binding.
The second class includes proteins that bind to the C-repeat or dehydration response element (DRE) in the promoters of genes that are turned on in response to low temperatures and/or water deficit (CBF1, CBF2, CBF3/DREB1A and DREB2A). The C-repeat/DREs contain the core sequence CCGAC.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102