PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Petunia inflata
AP2 Family
Species TF ID Description
Peinf101Scf00019g08037.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00184g02022.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00358g02010.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00506g11015.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00536g18020.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00578g05028.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00586g07020.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00736g25015.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00750g01017.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00758g02001.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00837g12020.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00887g04016.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00979g00024.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00979g00025.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00980g00012.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf01452g08012.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf01452g09018.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf01633g11068.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf01889g04044.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf02016g04026.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf02061g00009.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf02191g01048.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf02274g00009.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf02320g00006.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf02382g06031.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf03887g00006.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf05523g00010.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00931g03016.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf01310g01017.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf01590g05014.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf00457g29005.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf01705g00017.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf02377g00005.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf01034g02005.1AP2 family protein
Peinf101Scf03371g00017.1AP2 family protein
AP2 Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

Genes in the AP2 family have been shown to participate in the regulation of developmental processes, e.g. flower development, spikelet meristem determinacy, leaf epidermal cell identity, and embryo development.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444

Using an in vitro selection procedure, the DNA binding specificity of the two AP2 repeat containing protein ANT was found to be 5'-gCAC(A/G)N(A/T)TcCC(a/g)ANG(c/t)-3'. This consensus site is much longer than sites recognized by proteins containing a single AP2 repeat and neither AP2 repeat of ANT was alone capable of binding to the selected sequences, suggesting that both AP2 repeats make DNA contacts.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102