PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Phyllostachys heterocycla
WRKY Family
Species TF ID Description
PH01000006G0810WRKY family protein
PH01000009G1940WRKY family protein
PH01000009G1960WRKY family protein
PH01000009G2100WRKY family protein
PH01000018G0370WRKY family protein
PH01000025G1260WRKY family protein
PH01000035G0560WRKY family protein
PH01000043G1290WRKY family protein
PH01000046G0930WRKY family protein
PH01000046G1680WRKY family protein
PH01000048G1770WRKY family protein
PH01000050G1350WRKY family protein
PH01000112G1110WRKY family protein
PH01000112G1290WRKY family protein
PH01000121G1380WRKY family protein
PH01000130G0430WRKY family protein
PH01000130G0620WRKY family protein
PH01000182G0790WRKY family protein
PH01000206G0250WRKY family protein
PH01000212G0380WRKY family protein
PH01000218G0100WRKY family protein
PH01000224G1000WRKY family protein
PH01000242G0250WRKY family protein
PH01000242G1360WRKY family protein
PH01000256G0030WRKY family protein
PH01000256G0230WRKY family protein
PH01000271G0420WRKY family protein
PH01000274G0230WRKY family protein
PH01000296G0390WRKY family protein
PH01000298G0170WRKY family protein
PH01000326G0720WRKY family protein
PH01000371G0960WRKY family protein
PH01000405G0510WRKY family protein
PH01000430G0510WRKY family protein
PH01000445G0180WRKY family protein
PH01000463G0800WRKY family protein
PH01000478G0060WRKY family protein
PH01000524G0850WRKY family protein
PH01000534G0230WRKY family protein
PH01000535G0790WRKY family protein
PH01000549G0590WRKY family protein
PH01000557G0340WRKY family protein
PH01000622G0760WRKY family protein
PH01000659G0050WRKY family protein
PH01000716G0640WRKY family protein
PH01000716G0820WRKY family protein
PH01000735G0110WRKY family protein
PH01000746G0560WRKY family protein
PH01000814G0820WRKY family protein
PH01000823G0340WRKY family protein
PH01000906G0240WRKY family protein
PH01000986G0410WRKY family protein
PH01001004G0240WRKY family protein
PH01001037G0370WRKY family protein
PH01001070G0190WRKY family protein
PH01001070G0240WRKY family protein
PH01001070G0420WRKY family protein
PH01001100G0250WRKY family protein
PH01001131G0560WRKY family protein
PH01001142G0610WRKY family protein
PH01001154G0200WRKY family protein
PH01001210G0270WRKY family protein
PH01001232G0560WRKY family protein
PH01001245G0180WRKY family protein
PH01001280G0060WRKY family protein
PH01001331G0040WRKY family protein
PH01001331G0070WRKY family protein
PH01001362G0060WRKY family protein
PH01001397G0220WRKY family protein
PH01001458G0040WRKY family protein
PH01001500G0110WRKY family protein
PH01001515G0160WRKY family protein
PH01001601G0220WRKY family protein
PH01001626G0320WRKY family protein
PH01001671G0400WRKY family protein
PH01001697G0180WRKY family protein
PH01001698G0040WRKY family protein
PH01001737G0080WRKY family protein
PH01001777G0070WRKY family protein
PH01001883G0330WRKY family protein
PH01001953G0270WRKY family protein
PH01001978G0130WRKY family protein
PH01002011G0380WRKY family protein
PH01002018G0330WRKY family protein
PH01002022G0200WRKY family protein
PH01002035G0390WRKY family protein
PH01002142G0270WRKY family protein
PH01002220G0280WRKY family protein
PH01002238G0110WRKY family protein
PH01002378G0050WRKY family protein
PH01002396G0160WRKY family protein
PH01002396G0190WRKY family protein
PH01002537G0070WRKY family protein
PH01002558G0060WRKY family protein
PH01002711G0120WRKY family protein
PH01002744G0230WRKY family protein
PH01002776G0100WRKY family protein
PH01002800G0110WRKY family protein
PH01003057G0080WRKY family protein
PH01003108G0020WRKY family protein
PH01003110G0050WRKY family protein
PH01003170G0110WRKY family protein
PH01003485G0070WRKY family protein
PH01003558G0150WRKY family protein
PH01003579G0140WRKY family protein
PH01003908G0140WRKY family protein
PH01003922G0080WRKY family protein
PH01004067G0040WRKY family protein
PH01004450G0140WRKY family protein
PH01004514G0080WRKY family protein
PH01004940G0100WRKY family protein
PH01005137G0020WRKY family protein
PH01005961G0010WRKY family protein
PH01021666G0010WRKY family protein
PH01029174G0010WRKY family protein
PH01278028G0010WRKY family protein
WRKY Family Introduction

WRKY transcription factors are one of the largest families of transcriptional regulators in plants and form integral parts of signalling webs that modulate many plant processes. Here, we review recent significant progress in WRKY transcription factor research. New findings illustrate that WRKY proteins often act as repressors as well as activators, and that members of the family play roles in both the repression and de-repression of important plant processes. Furthermore, it is becoming clear that a single WRKY transcription factor might be involved in regulating several seemingly disparate processes. Mechanisms of signalling and transcriptional regulation are being dissected, uncovering WRKY protein functions via interactions with a diverse array of protein partners, including MAP kinases, MAP kinase kinases, 14-3-3 proteins, calmodulin, histone deacetylases, resistance proteins and other WRKY transcription factors. WRKY genes exhibit extensive autoregulation and cross-regulation that facilitates transcriptional reprogramming in a dynamic web with built-in redundancy.

The defining feature of WRKY transcription factors is their DNA binding domain. This is called the WRKY domain after the almost invariant WRKY amino acid sequence at the N-terminus. In a few WRKY proteins, the WRKY amino acid sequences have been replaced by WRRY, WSKY, WKRY, WVKY or WKKY. The WRKY domain is about 60 residues in length, and as well as containing the WRKY signature it also has an atypical zinc-finger structure at the C-terminus. The zinc-finger structure is either Cx4-5Cx22-23HxH or Cx7Cx23HxC. Initially, in the absence of a complete gene family from any plant species, the WRKY transcription factors were divided into three groups based on the number of WRKY domains (two domains in Group I proteins and one in the others) and the structure of their zinc fingers (C2HC in Group III proteins).

Rushton PJ, Somssich IE, Ringler P, Shen QJ.
WRKY transcription factors.
Trends Plant Sci, 2010. 15(5): p. 247-58.
PMID: 20304701