Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Picea glauca
G2-like Family
Species TF ID Description
Pgl000522G2-like family protein
Pgl000827G2-like family protein
Pgl002672G2-like family protein
Pgl002865G2-like family protein
Pgl003072G2-like family protein
Pgl003947G2-like family protein
Pgl004347G2-like family protein
Pgl005079G2-like family protein
Pgl005578G2-like family protein
Pgl009497G2-like family protein
Pgl009620G2-like family protein
Pgl009833G2-like family protein
Pgl010215G2-like family protein
Pgl010993G2-like family protein
Pgl011790G2-like family protein
Pgl012072G2-like family protein
Pgl016084G2-like family protein
Pgl016884G2-like family protein
G2-like Family Introduction

The GLK proteins are members of the recently categorized GARP superfamily of transcription factors (Riechmann et al., 2000) defined by G2 in maize; the Arabidopsis RESPONSE REGULATOR-B (ARR-B) proteins (Imamura et al., 1999); and the PHOSPHATE STARVATION RESPONSE1 (PSR1) protein of Chlamydomonas (Wykoff et al., 1999). In the case of G2, three of the four defining features of most transcription factors have been verified experimentally in heterologous systems. G2 is nuclearlocalized (Hall et al., 1998), is able to transactivate reporter gene expression, and can both homo-dimerize and heterodimerize with ZmGLK1 (Rossini et al., 2001). DNA-binding activity of GLK proteins has yet to be demonstrated,however, the putative DNA-binding domain is highly conserved with domains in other GARP proteins such as ARR1 and ARR2 (Riechmann et al., 2000). Notably, ARR1 and ARR2 have been shown to bind DNA (Sakai et al.,2000), thus it is likely that GLK proteins act as transcriptional regulators of chloroplast development.

The GLK proteins are members of the GARP superfamily of transcription factors, and phylogenetic analysis demonstrates that the maize, rice and Arabidopsis GLK gene pairs comprise a distinct group within the GARP superfamily. Further phylogenetic analysis suggests that the gene pairs arose through separate duplication events in the monocot and dicot lineages. As in rice, AtGLK1 and AtGLK2 are expressed in partially overlapping domains in photosynthetic tissue. GLK genes therefore regulate chloroplast development in diverse plant species.

Fitter DW, Martin DJ, Copley MJ, Scotland RW, Langdale JA.
GLK gene pairs regulate chloroplast development in diverse plant species.
Plant J. 2002 Sep;31(6):713-27.
PMID: 12220263