PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Oropetium thomaeum
WRKY Family
Species TF ID Description
Oropetium_20150105_01172AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_01250AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_01570AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_01614AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_02913AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_03314AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_03337AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_03740AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_03836AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_03857AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_04346AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_05407AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_05437AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_05438AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_05550AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_06083AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_06110AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_06112AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_06731AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_06732AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_07343AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_07634AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_07876AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_08278AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_08428AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_08991AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_10196AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_11147AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_11736AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_12273AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_12403AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_12509AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_13237AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_13811AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_13933AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_14046AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_15466AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_15754AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_16667AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_18171AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_18398AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_18705AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_18706AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_18708AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_18740AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_19093AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_19527AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_19546AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_20180AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_20289AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_21458AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_22130AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_22131AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_22755AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_22950AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_24003AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_24745AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_24747AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_24967AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_25145AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_25608AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_27294AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_27790AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_27801AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_28016AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_28178AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_28323AWRKY family protein
Oropetium_20150105_28324AWRKY family protein
WRKY Family Introduction

WRKY transcription factors are one of the largest families of transcriptional regulators in plants and form integral parts of signalling webs that modulate many plant processes. Here, we review recent significant progress in WRKY transcription factor research. New findings illustrate that WRKY proteins often act as repressors as well as activators, and that members of the family play roles in both the repression and de-repression of important plant processes. Furthermore, it is becoming clear that a single WRKY transcription factor might be involved in regulating several seemingly disparate processes. Mechanisms of signalling and transcriptional regulation are being dissected, uncovering WRKY protein functions via interactions with a diverse array of protein partners, including MAP kinases, MAP kinase kinases, 14-3-3 proteins, calmodulin, histone deacetylases, resistance proteins and other WRKY transcription factors. WRKY genes exhibit extensive autoregulation and cross-regulation that facilitates transcriptional reprogramming in a dynamic web with built-in redundancy.

The defining feature of WRKY transcription factors is their DNA binding domain. This is called the WRKY domain after the almost invariant WRKY amino acid sequence at the N-terminus. In a few WRKY proteins, the WRKY amino acid sequences have been replaced by WRRY, WSKY, WKRY, WVKY or WKKY. The WRKY domain is about 60 residues in length, and as well as containing the WRKY signature it also has an atypical zinc-finger structure at the C-terminus. The zinc-finger structure is either Cx4-5Cx22-23HxH or Cx7Cx23HxC. Initially, in the absence of a complete gene family from any plant species, the WRKY transcription factors were divided into three groups based on the number of WRKY domains (two domains in Group I proteins and one in the others) and the structure of their zinc fingers (C2HC in Group III proteins).

Rushton PJ, Somssich IE, Ringler P, Shen QJ.
WRKY transcription factors.
Trends Plant Sci, 2010. 15(5): p. 247-58.
PMID: 20304701