PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Linum usitatissimum
NF-YA Family
Species TF ID Description
Lus10009944NF-YA family protein
Lus10011326NF-YA family protein
Lus10012202NF-YA family protein
Lus10013592NF-YA family protein
Lus10016411NF-YA family protein
Lus10019708NF-YA family protein
Lus10021259NF-YA family protein
Lus10023358NF-YA family protein
Lus10030137NF-YA family protein
Lus10031505NF-YA family protein
Lus10038448NF-YA family protein
NF-YA Family Introduction

NF-Y transcription factors are likely found in all eukaryotes and have roles in the regulation of diverse genes (McNabb et al., 1995; Edwards et al., 1998; Maity and de Crombrugghe, 1998; Mantovani, 1999). In mammals, where their biochemistry is well described, the NF-Y transcription factor complex is composed of three unique subunits: NF-YA, NF-YB, and NF-YC. Assembly of the NF-Y heterotrimer in mammals follows a strict, stepwise pattern (Sinha et al., 1995, 1996). Initially, a heterodimer is formed in the cytoplasm between the subunits NF-YB and NF-YC. This dimer then translocates to the nucleus, where the third subunit, NF-YA, is recruited to generate the mature, heterotrimeric NF-Y transcription factor (Frontini et al., 2004; Kahle et al., 2005). Mature NF-Y binds promoters with the core pentamer nucleotide sequence CCAAT, and this can result in either positive or negative transcriptional regulation(Peng and Jahroudi, 2002, 2003; Ceribelli et al., 2008).

NF-YA proteins are characterized by the presence of Gln(Q)- and Ser/Thr(S/T)-rich NH2 termini, a subunit interaction domain (NF-YB/NF-YC interaction), and a DNA-binding domain (Olesen and Guarente, 1990; Maity and de Crombrugghe, 1992; Xing et al., 1993, 1994). The protein interaction and DNA binding domains are well conserved between plant and other eukaryote lineages.

Siefers N, Dang KK, Kumimoto RW, Bynum WE 4th, Tayrose G, Holt BF 3rd.
Tissue-specific expression patterns of Arabidopsis NF-Y transcription factors suggest potential for extensive combinatorial complexity.
Plant Physiol, 2009. 149(2): p. 625-41.
PMID: 19019982