PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Leersia perrieri
MIKC_MADS Family
Species TF ID Description
LPERR01G06160.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR01G25340.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR01G34040.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR01G34270.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR02G00370.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR02G00370.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR02G04610.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR02G17700.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR02G22830.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR02G25570.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR02G25570.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR02G25570.3MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR02G27330.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR03G01640.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR03G01640.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR03G07630.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR03G28970.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR03G28970.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR03G28970.3MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G04720.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G04720.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G04720.3MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G10680.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G11770.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G11770.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G18560.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G18560.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G18560.3MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR04G20730.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR05G05550.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR06G00470.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR06G00470.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR06G00470.3MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR06G00470.4MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR06G03790.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR06G20000.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR06G22780.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR07G00480.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR07G18670.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR07G18670.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR08G01250.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR08G01250.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR08G01250.3MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR08G12860.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR08G12860.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR08G18320.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR08G18320.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR09G11910.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR10G12950.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR12G05220.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR12G05240.1MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR12G05240.2MIKC_MADS family protein
LPERR12G10770.1MIKC_MADS family protein
MIKC_MADS (MIKC-type MADS) Family Introduction

The best studied plant MADS-box transcription factors are those involved in floral organ identity determination. Analysis of homeotic floral mutants resulted in the formulation of a genetic model, named the ABC model, that explains how the combined functions of three classes of genes (A, B, and C) determine the identity of the four flower organs (reviewed by Coen and Meyerowitz, 1991). Arabidopsis has two A-class genes (AP1 and AP2 [Bowman et al., 1989]), two B-class genes (PI and AP3), and a single C-class gene (AG), of which only AP2 is not a MADS-box gene. Recently, it was shown that the Arabidopsis B- and C-function genes, which control petal, stamen, and carpel development, are functionally dependent on three highly similar MADS-box genes, SEP1, SEP2, and SEP3 (Pelaz et al., 2000). Interestingly, only when mutant knockout alleles of the three SEP genes were combined in a triple sep1 sep2 sep3 mutant was loss of petal, stamen, and carpel identity observed, resulting in a flower composed of only sepals. This example shows that redundancy occurs in the MADS-box gene family, which complicates reverse genetic strategies for gene function analysis. The SHP genes provide another example of MADS-box gene redundancy. shp1 and shp2 single mutants do not exhibit any phenotypic effect, whereas in the double mutant, development of the dehiscence zone is disturbed in the fruit, resulting in a failure to release seeds (Liljegren et al., 2000)[1].

It has been proposed that there are at least 2 lineages (type I and type II) of MADS-box genes in plants, animals, and fungi. Most of the well-studied plant genes are type II genes and have three more domains than type I genes from the N to the C terminus of the protein:intervening (I) domain (~30 codons), keratin-lik e coiled-coil (K) domain (~70 codons), and Cterminal (C) domain (variable length). These genes are called the MIKC-type and are specific to plants[2].

The MADS-box is a DNA binding domain of 58 amino acids that binds DNA at consensus recognition sequences known as CArG boxes [CC(A/T)6GG] (Hayes et al., 1988; Riechmann et al., 1996b). The interaction with DNA has been studied in detail for the human and yeast MADS-box proteins thanks to the resolved crystal structures (Pellegrini et al., 1995; Santelli and Richmond, 2000). The I domain is less conserved and contributes to the specification of dimerization. The K domain is characterized by a coiled-coil structure, which facilitates the dimerization of MADS-box proteins (Davies et al., 1996; Fan et al., 1997). The C domain is the least conserved domain; in some cases, it has been shown to contain a transactivation domain or to contribute to the formation of multimeric MADS-box protein complexes (Egea-Cortines et al., 1999; Honma and Goto, 2001)[1].

1.Parenicova L, de Folter S, Kieffer M, Horner DS, Favalli C, Busscher J, Cook HE, Ingram RM, Kater MM, Davies B, Angenent GC, Colombo L.
Molecular and phylogenetic analyses of the complete MADS-box transcription factor family in Arabidopsis: new openings to the MADS world.
Plant Cell. 2003 Jul;15(7):1538-51.
PMID: 12837945
2.Nam J, dePamphilis CW, Ma H, Nei M.
Antiquity and evolution of the MADS-box gene family controlling flower development in plants.
Mol Biol Evol. 2003 Sep;20(9):1435-47. Epub 2003 May 30.
PMID: 12777513