PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Dianthus caryophyllus
bZIP Family
Species TF ID Description
Dca10788.1bZIP family protein
Dca11454.1bZIP family protein
Dca11474.1bZIP family protein
Dca12557.1bZIP family protein
Dca13478.1bZIP family protein
Dca13635.1bZIP family protein
Dca14447.1bZIP family protein
Dca14916.1bZIP family protein
Dca1519.1bZIP family protein
Dca1520.1bZIP family protein
Dca16861.1bZIP family protein
Dca1842.1bZIP family protein
Dca20635.1bZIP family protein
Dca22390.1bZIP family protein
Dca23129.1bZIP family protein
Dca24578.1bZIP family protein
Dca25055.1bZIP family protein
Dca25540.1bZIP family protein
Dca27428.1bZIP family protein
Dca29572.1bZIP family protein
Dca29903.1bZIP family protein
Dca29904.1bZIP family protein
Dca31836.1bZIP family protein
Dca33646.1bZIP family protein
Dca34159.1bZIP family protein
Dca35024.1bZIP family protein
Dca36166.1bZIP family protein
Dca3627.1bZIP family protein
Dca3648.1bZIP family protein
Dca37308.1bZIP family protein
Dca37494.1bZIP family protein
Dca37539.1bZIP family protein
Dca37621.1bZIP family protein
Dca39671.1bZIP family protein
Dca40914.1bZIP family protein
Dca41228.1bZIP family protein
Dca41593.1bZIP family protein
Dca427.1bZIP family protein
Dca43492.1bZIP family protein
Dca43730.1bZIP family protein
Dca44085.1bZIP family protein
Dca44121.1bZIP family protein
Dca44894.1bZIP family protein
Dca47437.1bZIP family protein
Dca47587.1bZIP family protein
Dca48394.1bZIP family protein
Dca48654.1bZIP family protein
Dca51467.1bZIP family protein
Dca51714.1bZIP family protein
Dca51720.1bZIP family protein
Dca52171.1bZIP family protein
Dca52598.1bZIP family protein
Dca55071.1bZIP family protein
Dca56261.1bZIP family protein
Dca56540.1bZIP family protein
Dca57119.1bZIP family protein
Dca57858.1bZIP family protein
Dca57886.1bZIP family protein
Dca58540.1bZIP family protein
Dca5861.1bZIP family protein
Dca58773.1bZIP family protein
Dca58815.1bZIP family protein
Dca6157.1bZIP family protein
Dca667.1bZIP family protein
Dca7815.1bZIP family protein
Dca7836.1bZIP family protein
bZIP Family Introduction

The bZIP domain consists of two structural features located on a contiguous alpha-helix: first, a basic region of ~ 16 amino acid residues containing a nuclear localization signal followed by an invariant N-x7-R/K motif that contacts the DNA; and, second, a heptad repeat of leucines or other bulky hydrophobic amino acids positioned exactly nine amino acids towards the C-terminus, creating an amphipathic helix. To bind DNA, two subunits adhere via interactions between the hydrophobic sides of their helices, which creates a superimposing coiled-coil structure. The ability to form homo- and heterodimers is influenced by the electrostatic attraction and repulsion of polar residues flanking the hydrophobic interaction surface of the helices.

Plant bZIP proteins preferentially bind to DNA sequences with an ACGT core. Binding specificity is regulated by flanking nucleotides. Plant bZIPs preferentially bind to the A-box (TACGTA), C-box (GACGTC) and G-box (CACGTG), but there are also examples of nonpalindromic binding sites.

Jakoby M, Weisshaar B, Droge-Laser W, Vicente-Carbajosa J, Tiedemann J, Kroj T, Parcy F
bZIP transcription factors in Arabidopsis.
Trends Plant Sci, 2002. 7(3): p. 106-11.
PMID: 11906833