PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Carica papaya
WRKY Family
Species TF ID Description
evm.model.supercontig_107.128WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_10.75WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_1.104WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_114.62WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_11.70WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_1195.2WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_12.196WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_1244.3WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_12.58WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_126.49WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_127.25WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_127.27WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_136.16WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_14.134WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_14.32WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_152.36WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_169.18WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_17.220WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_1.76WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_180.6WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_180.9WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_184.33WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_18.56WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_18.82WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_19.44WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_19.45WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_2011.1WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_21.159WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_22.34WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_2.345WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_3.53WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_43.86WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_46.151WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_52.143WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_5.248WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_55.104WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_57.21WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_684.1WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_72.18WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_768.1WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_7.92WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_79.60WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_807.4WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_86.64WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_86.65WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_87.103WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_919.2WRKY family protein
evm.model.supercontig_9.36WRKY family protein
evm.TU.contig_32256.1WRKY family protein
WRKY Family Introduction

WRKY transcription factors are one of the largest families of transcriptional regulators in plants and form integral parts of signalling webs that modulate many plant processes. Here, we review recent significant progress in WRKY transcription factor research. New findings illustrate that WRKY proteins often act as repressors as well as activators, and that members of the family play roles in both the repression and de-repression of important plant processes. Furthermore, it is becoming clear that a single WRKY transcription factor might be involved in regulating several seemingly disparate processes. Mechanisms of signalling and transcriptional regulation are being dissected, uncovering WRKY protein functions via interactions with a diverse array of protein partners, including MAP kinases, MAP kinase kinases, 14-3-3 proteins, calmodulin, histone deacetylases, resistance proteins and other WRKY transcription factors. WRKY genes exhibit extensive autoregulation and cross-regulation that facilitates transcriptional reprogramming in a dynamic web with built-in redundancy.

The defining feature of WRKY transcription factors is their DNA binding domain. This is called the WRKY domain after the almost invariant WRKY amino acid sequence at the N-terminus. In a few WRKY proteins, the WRKY amino acid sequences have been replaced by WRRY, WSKY, WKRY, WVKY or WKKY. The WRKY domain is about 60 residues in length, and as well as containing the WRKY signature it also has an atypical zinc-finger structure at the C-terminus. The zinc-finger structure is either Cx4-5Cx22-23HxH or Cx7Cx23HxC. Initially, in the absence of a complete gene family from any plant species, the WRKY transcription factors were divided into three groups based on the number of WRKY domains (two domains in Group I proteins and one in the others) and the structure of their zinc fingers (C2HC in Group III proteins).

Rushton PJ, Somssich IE, Ringler P, Shen QJ.
WRKY transcription factors.
Trends Plant Sci, 2010. 15(5): p. 247-58.
PMID: 20304701