PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Arabidopsis lyrata
GeBP Family
Species TF ID Description
475156GeBP family protein
475744GeBP family protein
477768GeBP family protein
489637GeBP family protein
859515GeBP family protein
860034GeBP family protein
860036GeBP family protein
861820GeBP family protein
865377GeBP family protein
868498GeBP family protein
875344GeBP family protein
888456GeBP family protein
892497GeBP family protein
892618GeBP family protein
892643GeBP family protein
899900GeBP family protein
900451GeBP family protein
901687GeBP family protein
914061GeBP family protein
916025GeBP family protein
916104GeBP family protein
916208GeBP family protein
GeBP Family Introduction

Understanding the role of transcription factors (TFs) is essential in reconstructing developmental regulatory networks. The plant-specific GeBP TF family of Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) comprises 21 members, all of unknown function. A subset of four members, the founding member GeBP and GeBP-like proteins (GPL) 1, 2, and 3, shares a conserved C-terminal domain. Here we report that GeBP/GPL genes represent a newly defined class of leucine-zipper (Leu-zipper) TFs and that they play a redundant role in cytokinin hormone pathway regulation. Specifically, we demonstrate using yeast, in vitro, and split-yellow fluorescent protein in planta assays that GeBP/GPL proteins form homo- and heterodimers through a noncanonical Leu-zipper motif located in the C-terminal domain. A triple loss-of-function mutant of the three most closely related genes gebp gpl1 gpl2 shows a reduced sensitivity to exogenous cytokinins in a subset of cytokinin responses such as senescence and growth, whereas root inhibition is not affected. We find that transcript levels of type-A cytokinin response genes, which are involved in the negative feedback regulation of cytokinin signaling, are higher in the triple mutant. Using a GPL version that acts as a constitutive transcriptional activator, we show that the regulation of Arabidopsis response regulators (ARRs) is mediated by at least one additional, as yet unknown, repressor acting genetically downstream in the GeBP/GPL pathway. Our results indicate that GeBP/GPL genes encode a new class of unconventional Leu-zipper TF proteins and suggest that their role in the cytokinin pathway is to antagonize the negative feedback regulation on ARR genes to trigger the cytokinin response.

Chevalier F, Perazza D, Laporte F, Le Henanff G, Hornitschek P, Bonneville JM, Herzog M, Vachon G
GeBP and GeBP-Like Proteins Are Noncanonical Leucine-Zipper Transcription Factors That Regulate Cytokinin Response in Arabidopsis
Plant Physiol. 2008 Mar;146(3):1142-54.
PMID: 18162594