PlantTFDB
Plant Transcription Factor Database
v4.0
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Arabidopsis lyrata
E2F/DP Family
Species TF ID Description
314229E2F/DP family protein
482574E2F/DP family protein
485177E2F/DP family protein
487025E2F/DP family protein
487116E2F/DP family protein
489072E2F/DP family protein
861888E2F/DP family protein
E2F/DP Family Introduction

E2F transcription factors are a family of proteins that share a related DNA-binding domain and that bind to overlapping sets of target promoters. Most E2F proteins associate with a DP protein and form heterodimeric complexes that bind to DNA in a sequence-specific manner. E2F proteins control the temporal expression of genes that are needed for multiple processes during the cell cycle. Consequently, the level of E2F-dependent transcription is important for cell proliferation.

Different types of E2F complexes either activate or repress transcription. E2F repressor complexes suppress the transcription of their targets in quiescent cells, in differentiated cells and during the G1 phase of the cell cycle. When cells enter the cell cycle and proliferate, these repressors are disrupted and/or replaced by activator forms of E2F that promote gene expression.

van den Heuvel S, Dyson NJ.
Conserved functions of the pRB and E2F families.
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol, 2008. 9(9): p. 713-24.
PMID: 18719710