PlantRegMap/PlantTFDB v5.0
Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0 v4.0
Amaranthus hypochondriacus
HSF Family
Species TF ID Description
AHYPO_000051-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_000659-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_001189-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_001952-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_002183-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_002544-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_004336-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_005913-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_006813-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_009343-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_011186-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_012349-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_013799-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_016518-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_018172-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_018814-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_018824-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_018910-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_019149-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_019216-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_019478-RAHSF family protein
AHYPO_021523-RAHSF family protein
HSF Family Introduction

Heat stress transcription factors (Hsfs) are the major regulators of the plant heat stress (hs) response. Sequencing of the Arabidopsis genome revealed the existence of 21 open-reading frames (ORFs) encoding putative Hsfs assigned to classes A-C. Here we present results of a functional genomics approach to the Arabidopsis Hsf family focused on the analysis of their C-terminal domains (CTDs) harboring conserved modules for their function as transcription factors and their intracellular localization. Using reporter assays in tobacco protoplasts and yeast as well as glutathione-S-transferase (GST) pull-down assays, we demonstrate that short peptide motifs enriched with aromatic and large hydrophobic amino acid (aa) residues embedded in an acidic surrounding (AHA motifs) are essential for transcriptional activity of class A Hsfs. In contrast to this, class B and C Hsfs lack AHA motifs and have no activator function on their own. We also provide evidence for the function of a leucine (Leu)-rich region centered around a conserved QMGΦL motif at the very C-terminus as a nuclear export signal (NES) of class A Hsfs. Sequence comparison indicates that the combination of a C-terminal AHA motif with the consensus sequence FWxxF/L,F/I/L as well as the adjacent NES represents a signature domain for plant class A Hsfs, which allowed to identify more than 60 new Hsfs from the expressed sequence tag (EST) database.

Kotak S, Port M, Ganguli A, Bicker F, von Koskull-Doring P.
Characterization of C-terminal domains of Arabidopsis heat stress transcription factors (Hsfs) and identification of a new signature combination of plant class A Hsfs with AHA and NES motifs essential for activator function and intracellular localization.
Plant J, 2004. 39(1): p. 98-112.
PMID: 15200645