Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v1.0, v2.0, v3.0
Trihelix Family
Distribution of Trihelix family in different species
(G)-species with genome sequence
Trihelix Family Introduction

GT factors constitute a plant-specific transcription factor family with a DNA-binding domain that binds GT elements. The DNA-binding domain of GT factor, rich in basic and acidic amino acids and proline and glutamine residues, features a typical trihelix (helix-loop-helix-loop-helix) structure that determines the specific binding of GT elements; thus GT factors are also called trihelix transcription factors. GT elements are highly degenerate cis-elements with A/T-rich core sequences (Villain et al. 1996; Wang et al. 2004). Interaction between GT factors and GT elements has been implicated in the complex transcriptional regulation of many plant genes (Liu et al. 1999;Zhou 1999).

Fang Y, Xie K, Hou X, Hu H, Xiong L.
Systematic analysis of GT factor family of rice reveals a novel subfamily involved in stress responses.
Mol Genet Genomics, 2010. 283(2): p. 157-69.
PMID: 20039179